Green finance among options Singapore needs to adopt to achieve climate and economic goals

Singapore aims to send 30 per cent less waste to the Semakau Landfill by 2030. PHOTO: NATIONAL ENVIRONMENT AGENCY

SINGAPORE - To ensure economic growth and fight climate change at the same time, Singapore needs to leverage green finance and mobilise capital for low-carbon investments, said Minister of State for Sustainability and the Environment Desmond Tan on Thursday (Nov 5).

And to succeed in its efforts, the country also needs to plan ahead for a smooth, low-emission transition and build resilience against environmental shocks, he added.

"Covid-19 has accelerated pre-existing trends, including rising protectionism, rising inequalities and global warming," he noted in his speech at the European Union (EU)-Singapore Dialogue on climate change.

But it has also slowed activities, and companies should take this time to consider implementing projects to improve energy efficiency so that they can emerge more cost-competitive from the crisis, he said.

To do so, they can tap the Economic Development Board's Resource Efficiency Grant for Energy as well as the National Environment Agency's Energy Efficiency Fund, he added.

Pointing to green finance, he said it is a "critical enabler of green growth", which allows companies to support sustainable initiatives while ensuring good returns.

Green finance refers to an area of banking and investment-supporting projects that consider a range of environmental concerns.

Singapore is Asean's largest green finance market.

Thursday's virtual dialogue allowed policy-makers, private sector representatives and experts from the EU and Singapore to share insights on climate action.

Associate Professor Simon Tay, chairman of the Singapore Institute of International Affairs, which organised the dialogue, noted that despite the massive global lockdowns this year, total emissions for this year will shrink by only about seven per cent compared to last year.

"This barely meets the annual reduction (of 7.6 per cent) the United Nations Environment Programme says the world needs to achieve consistently if we are to keep global warming below 2 deg C or lower," he added.

The dialogue also explored ways in which Singapore and the EU can collaborate on climate-related projects.

The European Commission's Directorate-General for Climate Action Mauro Petriccione said both sides can work on creating an international level playing field around new sustainable technologies, such as renewable hydrogen, solar energy, and carbon capture and storage.

Both the EU and Singapore account for less than 10 per cent of global emissions, he noted. "Neither of us can stop global climate change alone. But there are many things that we can do together to facilitate the rapid transition to a prosperous net-zero society around the world."

Singapore has set aside $49 million to fund low-carbon energy research that includes test-bedding efforts in hydrogen. The EU, meanwhile, has unveiled a hydrogen strategy in July.

Singapore's chief negotiator for climate change Joseph Teo said the nation hopes "to tap EU's expertise in this area (of hydrogen) and collaborate to launch pilots and demonstration projects".

Looking to next November's United Nations Climate Change Conference in Glasgow, Scotland, Mr Teo, who is from the Ministry for Sustainability and the Environment, said much work needs to be done to finalise outstanding negotiations on the Paris Agreement.

The areas pending negotiations are Article 6 on the pact's carbon market rules, the enhanced transparency framework and the new collective goal on climate finance.

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