It wouldn't take much to sum up Punggol back in the early 1900s - poultry, pig-rearing, fishing and fresh produce plus the rubber plantations.
It was as rural as life gets, with farmers, fishermen and traders making a living in the coastal district, traversing the meandering old Punggol Road with their daily harvest.
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A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Straits Times on August 27, 2018, with the headline Punggol: Life by the water. Subscribe