China, Asean to hold maritime drill to ease tensions

Defence Minister Ng Eng Hen with China's Defence Minister Wei Fenghe at the Asean-China Defence Ministers' Informal Meeting in Singapore on Oct 19, 2018.
Defence Minister Ng Eng Hen with China's Defence Minister Wei Fenghe at the Asean-China Defence Ministers' Informal Meeting in Singapore on Oct 19, 2018.PHOTO: AFP

SINGAPORE (AFP) - China and South-east Asian states will hold their first joint maritime exercises next week, officials said on Friday (Oct 19), in a move aimed at easing tensions, but which may spark US alarm.

Beijing's expansive claims to the South China Sea have long been a source of friction with rival claimants in South-east Asia, as well as the United States, which has traditionally been the dominant naval power in the area.

Despite disagreements over Beijing's territorial ambitions, China and South-east Asia are trying to strike a more conciliatory tone in an effort to stop tensions from spiralling dangerously out of control.

As part of this, the navies of China and the 10-member Asean are set to hold their first joint drills, which will take place in the South China Sea.

"As we speak, the navies of Asean are en route to Zhanjiang in China for the Asean-China Maritime Exercise," Singapore Defence Minister Ng Eng Hen said.

Making the announcement at a gathering of Asean defence ministers, also attended by US Defence Secretary James Mattis and his Chinese counterpart, Dr Ng said the drills would help to "build trust, confidence".

The city of Zhanjiang in southern China is home to the South Sea Fleet of the People's Liberation Army.

 
 

Table-top exercises between Asean and China were held in Singapore in August to prepare for next week's drills.

US officials may however be alarmed that traditional allies in South-east Asia appear to be drawing closer to China at a time when concern is already growing in Asia about American commitment to the region under US President Donald Trump.

In an effort to lessen any such fears, Dr Ng also said Asean was planning to hold maritime exercises with the US for the first time next year.

Four Asean members - Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines and Vietnam - have conflicting claims in the South China Sea with Beijing. China claims sovereignty over almost the entire area, including waters near the shores of smaller countries.

Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Myanmar, Singapore and Thailand are Asean's other members.

Concerns have escalated dramatically in recent years as China started building artificial islands on reefs in disputed waters, and it has also constructed military facilities and airstrips.

Washington has expressed alarm over the island-building, saying it could affect freedom of navigation in the sea, which hosts some of the world's most vital commercial shipping lanes.