SINGAPORE - Singapore is set to double its greasy waste treatment capabilities by 2025, in line with projected population growth and an increase in the number of eateries here.
If not removed before entering sewers, greasy waste - a collective term for fats, oil and grease - can harden over time and clog them, potentially leading to overflowing sewers, pollution to waterways and public health risks.
At present, the island's only greasy waste treatment facility is located at Jurong Water Reclamation Plant and is run by national water agency PUB. Operational since 2008, it treats about 11,000 cu m of waste monthly, the equivalent of over 69,000 oil barrels.
PUB plans to build two new greasy waste treatment facilities in Tuas and Changi. Each will treat up to 12,000 cu m of waste a month.
The Changi facility will be built next to Changi Water Reclamation Plant, together with a new food waste treatment facility that the National Environment Agency (NEA) will operate. Construction of the greasy waste facility will begin in 2023 and be completed by 2025.
Meanwhile, construction has begun for the Tuas facility, which is part of the previously announced Tuas Nexus - an integrated water and solid waste treatment facility being built from scratch. Upon completion of Tuas Nexus, the Jurong Water Reclamation Plant and its greasy waste treatment facility will be decommissioned.
Mr Ooi Kian Eng, director of PUB's Water Reclamation (Plants) Department, said that by co-locating the greasy waste, food waste and water treatment facilities in Changi, PUB and NEA are able to reap synergies from processing greasy waste, food waste and used water sludge together.
Used water sludge, a product of the used water treatment process, consists mainly of water, solids and organic materials. When co-digesting the three waste materials, a higher biogas yield is expected compared with digesting used water sludge alone. Biogas can then be used to generate electricity to power water reclamation plants.
These benefits will be reaped in the upcoming Tuas Nexus, and PUB and NEA hope to achieve similar outcomes in Changi.
While the exact increase in biogas yield at the Changi Water Reclamation Plant has yet to be determined, PUB and NEA said in 2019 that a two-year trial showed that digesting food waste and used water sludge together can yield 40 per cent more biogas than digesting them separately.
By building a greasy waste and food waste facility in Changi, the carbon footprint of transporting such waste is reduced, as waste from the east can be brought to Changi while waste in the west will be processed in Tuas. Mr Ooi added that where feasible, the facilities will share amenities like odour control and hot water systems to help optimise land use.
Greasy waste is collected from grease traps, which lie between eateries and public sewers. Liquid waste from food establishments is discharged into these traps, which rely on the differing densities of grease and other liquids to separate them. These traps have been a requirement for food establishments since the 1980s.
Currently, waste is removed from the traps and brought to Jurong Water Reclamation Plant in vacuum tankers for processing.
Mr Ooi said PUB attends to an average of about 90 sewer chokes a month, of which about a quarter are caused by grease build-up. Households are reminded that greasy waste such as used cooking oil should be bagged and disposed into bins and not poured down the sink.
Correction note: This article has been edited to reflect the correct name of Mr Ooi Kian Eng.