After 40 years, Abba takes a chance with its legacy

Members of ABBA (from left) Björn Ulvaeus, Benny Andersson, Agnetha Fältskog and Anni-Frid Lyngstad working in a studio.
Members of ABBA (from left) Björn Ulvaeus, Benny Andersson, Agnetha Fältskog and Anni-Frid Lyngstad working in a studio.PHOTO: NYTIMES

STOCKHOLM (NYTIMES) - The small, tranquil island of Skeppsholmen holds a handful of the Swedish capital's artistic treasures: Moderna Museet, the theatre group Teater Galeasen and the converted red brick warehouse just steps from a waterfront promenade where Benny Andersson has his personal studio.

He tucked a packet of the oral tobacco snus in his mouth as Bjorn Ulvaeus sipped coffee in one of its sunbathed rooms earlier this month, the two musicians surrounded by a grand piano, a small selection of synths and an assortment of framed photographs that were perched behind a computer screen.

For the first time since the Reagan administration, the pair were discussing a new album by their band, Abba - an album one of the biggest international pop acts in history somehow made in secret, with all four of its original members congregating nearly four decades after giving their last public performance.

"We took a break in the spring of 1982 and now we've decided it's time to end it," the group said in a statement in September. The response was thunderous. "Abba is another vessel, isn't it?" Ulvaeus marveled at the studio, just steps from the larger one where they completed their clandestine LP. "We did this thing and we are on the front page of every paper in the world."

In a country known for producing towering figures in pop music (Avicii, hitmaker Max Martin, Robyn, Roxette) Abba still looms the largest, and even has its own permanent museum.

Between 1973 and 1981, the quartet - which includes singers Agnetha Faltskog and Anni-Frid Lyngstad - released eight studio albums filled with meticulously crafted melodies, harmonies and strings that have generated 20 hits on Billboard's Hot 100 chart, sold tens of millions of albums around the world and built a passionate fan base.

But its paradigm-shifting impact can't be measured only in numbers: The group was known for taking risks with technology and the use of its songs. Starting in the mid-1970s, it was among the first acts to make elaborate promotional mini-films - we'd call them music videos now - most of them directed by Lasse Hallstrom.

Its 1981 album The Visitors is generally acknowledged as the first commercial release on compact disc. The 1999 jukebox musical Mamma Mia! paired the group's hits with an unrelated plot, sparking a slew of imitators and two film adaptations that brought us the spectacle of Meryl Streep singing Dancing Queen.

Now Abba is risking perhaps its most valuable asset - its legacy - by not only releasing a fresh addition to its catalogue, but creating a stage show that features none of its members in the flesh.

Starting in a custom-built London venue next May, the group will perform as highly sophisticated avatars (or in this case, Abbatars) designed to replicate their 1979 look - the era of feathered hair and flamboyant stage wear.

Andersson, 74, and Ulvaeus, 76, two of the most low-key men in a high-stress industry, said they were genuinely surprised, and possibly a little relieved, by the excitement that greeted the new album's announcement. (The 10-track Voyage, which shares its name with the forthcoming live show, is out on Nov 5.)


Benny Andersson (left) and Bjorn Ulvaeus in Andersson's studio in Stockholm, on Oct 22, 2021. PHOTO: NYTIMES

"We had no idea it would be so well received," Ulvaeus said. "You just take a chance, you risk a thumping." It was hard to tell if he was echoing the title of one of Abba's most famous songs on purpose; these guys have a way with dry humor.

Still, they might have had an inkling a reunion would spur interest. Since it went offline in 1982, Abba has continued to thrive. Conversations about pop have shifted over the decades, helping the group overcome the "cheesy Europop" tag that often stuck to it during its 1970s prime - "We have met the enemy and they are them," American critic Robert Christgau wrote in 1979.

Abba is now widely respected as a purveyor of sophisticated pop craftsmanship, and its enduring popularity transcends generations and borders.

Because there was no pressure to reunite, the pair say there was no grand plan for an album: It just kind of happened when four friends realised they still enjoyed making music together.

It all started about five years ago, when Simon Fuller, the producer behind the Idol franchise and the Spice Girls, pitched a show starring 3D reproductions of the group's members "singing" the original vocal tracks backed by a live band.


Abba members created a high-tech stage show featuring digital avatars of themselves from 1979. PHOTO: NYTIMES

"It was an easy choice (for me) to empower them to be the first important group to truly embrace the possibilities of the virtual world," Fuller said in an email. "Abba's music appeals to all generations unlike any group since the Beatles."

The project also had appealing practical benefits for people unwilling to submit to the grind of big concerts.

"What interested us was the idea that we could send them out while we can be at home cooking or walking the dog," Andersson said.

The pair travelled to Las Vegas to check out the hologram used in the Cirque du Soleil show Michael Jackson ONE, and their main takeaway was that they would have to do roughly a million times better. The visual-effects company Industrial Light & Magic, of Star Wars fame, assured them it could happen. (Fuller is no longer involved in the project.)

Naturally, "the girls", as seemingly everybody in the band's close circles good-naturedly calls Faltskog, 71, and Lyngstad, 75, had to be onboard, especially since the process would involve weeks of motion capture. "They said 'OK, if that's it', " Andersson recalled. "'We don't want to go on the road. We don't want to do TV interviews and meet journalists'." (They kept their word and didn't participate in this story.)

Andersson and Ulvaeus decided that the Abbatars should have some fresh material because that's what would have happened before a tour back in the day. In 2017, Faltskog, who lives outside Stockholm, and Lyngstad, who lives in Switzerland, travelled to RMV studio, less than 100m from Andersson's base on Skeppsholmen. There, they put down their vocals on the ballad I Still Have Faith In You and the string-laden disco of Don't Shut Me Down. The two singers, who have been out of the music business for several years, picked up right where they left off.

The Andersson-Ulvaeus songwriting bond has withstood intraband divorces and the pressure brought on by critical scorn. (For those who have forgotten: Andersson used to be married to Lyngstad, Ulvaeus to Faltskog.)

A lot has changed in pop in the past 40 years, but Voyage makes no attempt to sound like anything other than Abba. "You listen to new records, it's always so slick," Andersson said. "There's nothing moving aside of the exact rhythm. I don't do that - I do it by free hand."


Swedish pop group Abba pose after winning the Swedish branch of the Eurovision Song Contest with their song "Waterloo", on Feb 9, 1974. PHOTO: REUTERS/TT NEWS AGENCY

The approach helps makes the new album feel timeless. "Nowadays you can edit anything, but they didn't," drummer Per Lindvall, who has been collaborating with Andersson and Ulvaeus since the song Super Trouper in 1980 and plays on the new album, said on the phone. "They also haven't been pitching the vocals to death. It's part of the unique Abba sound."

Four decades ago, this long, improbable journey was unimaginable for four Swedes. "You have to understand how impossible it seemed right before Abba to have hit records in England and the US," Ulvaeus said of the pop landscape before the Internet globalised it. "It was absolutely not in the cards."

Yet not only did Abba break down barriers for musicians around the world, it did it with the matter-of-fact pragmatism of artisans - which is what its members remain at heart.

"The thing is, it has always been like day-to-day work, even then," Andersson said. "We would write the songs, hope that something good will come out, go to the studio, record those songs. And then we wrote some more. Exactly the same as now: It's not about anything else than trying to come up with something good, and see what happens."