SINGAPORE - Property cooling measures announced in July have doused sentiment towards the Singapore property market among developers, according to the latest quarterly Real Estate Sentiment Index (RESI).
The index is derived from a quarterly survey of senior executives from member firms of the Real Estate Developers' Association of Singapore (Redas).
The composite index - comprising a Current Sentiment Index and a Future Sentiment Index - fell sharply to 4.0 in the third quarter (Q3) from 6.6 in the second quarter on July's additional buyer's stamp duty (ABSD) measures.
The Current Sentiment Index - which follows changes in sentiment over the past six months - slipped to 4.0 in Q3 2018 from 6.7 in Q2 2018, while the Future Sentiment Index - which tracks sentiment change in the next six months - sank to 4.2 in Q3 2018 from 6.4 in Q1 2018.
RESI is jointly developed by the Redas and the National University of Singapore's Department of Real Estate (DRE).
It uses a "net balance percentage" to score key determinants of sentiment in the real estate market.
For the prime residential sector, the current and the future net balances slumped to 58 per cent and -45 per cent in Q3, from 63 per cent and 58 per cent in Q2.
For the suburban residential sector, the current and future net balances tumbled to -60 per cent and -45 per cent in Q3 from 53 per cent and 37 per cent in Q2, with the survey attributing the abrupt changes in respondents' sentiments to a pessimistic outlook in the residential sectors.
Survey respondents said the "unexpected and surprising" July 6 cooling measures are "extremely disruptive" and have dampened sentiments in the residential market.
Also, they said developers are "so heavily penalised with hefty ABSD" that it makes land-banking decisions "challenging and risky", citing the growing numbers of unsuccessful en bloc transactions in recent months. ABDS refers to the additional buyer's stamp duty, whose rates were raised as part of the Government's latest round of cooling measures in July.
The government "should maintain (a) constant land supply rather than withdrawing sites or have sudden surge(s) in supply" as such actions could have "strong impact on market highs and lows", respondents said.
The office sector was the strongest performing out of the sectors surveyed, with its current and future net balances each rising 45 per cent.
Meanwhile, in collective sales, 90.2 per cent of all respondent felt the en-bloc market would be "seriously affected" by the latest ABSD in the next six months.
Residential properties in the core central region (CCR) are relatively more sensitive to the ABSD policy compared to those in the outside core region (OCR), the survey said, with new non-landed residential property launches in CCR - comprising postal districts 9,10, 11, Downtown Core and Sentosa - likely to face more resistance with the new ABSD.
Survey respondents cited rising inflation and interest rates, a slow-down or decline in the global economy, and tightening of financing or liquidity in debt markets, as the top three potential risks that could adversely impact market sentiment in the next six months.
External economic shocks, a slowdown in local economic growth and the latest cooling measures were also cited as risks which could further dampen the local property market.
"The uncertainties in the external economic conditions coupled with the high transaction costs imposed by the new ABSD policies may have double whammy impact on the local residential markets. The sharp declines in the Q3 2018 sentiments reflect bleak outlooks of the property players, especially on the residential markets in the next six to 12 months," said NUS associate professor Sing Tien Foo.