Republicans hold back support to increase the US debt ceiling

WASHINGTON • Republican leaders in Congress on Tuesday continued to withhold support for efforts by the Democratic majority to increase the US debt ceiling.

Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen warned last week that the United States government will run out of money next month unless lawmakers take action, and banking groups have urged Congress to move to prevent "irreparable harm" to the nation's economy.

But Republican Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell said Democrats will have to resolve the issue on their own.

"The Democratic leaders have every tool and procedure they need to handle the debt limit on a partisan basis, just like they are choosing to handle everything else," Mr McConnell said on the Senate floor.

Congress is considering a US$1.2 trillion (S$1.6 trillion) infrastructure plan that has the backing of Democrats and some Republicans.

Also on the agenda is a massive social spending plan costing US$3.5 trillion over 10 years, which has garnered only the support of Democrats who plan to pay for it with tax increases on corporations and the wealthiest Americans.

Mr McConnell objects to a "massive reckless tax and spending spree". "When it comes to spending," he said, Democrats "have made a conscious decision: They don't want Republican governing partners. They want to go it alone".

Democrats could wrap a debt ceiling increase into the spending package, allowing them to approve it without Republican votes, but their leaders have indicated they want a separate, bipartisan vote.

"When President (Donald) Trump was in office, Democrats stepped up on three separate occasions to work with Republicans to suspend the debt ceiling and continue to ensure that the US was able to pay its bills," Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer said.

But now Republicans "recklessly, irresponsibly... seem eager to push our economy to the brink of total catastrophe by suggesting they will oppose any effort to raise the debt ceiling".

The country's debt and deficit have soared during the Covid-19 pandemic after Washington approved three massive spending Bills aimed at lessening the damage to the economy.

Congress suspended the debt limit for two years in 2019. That lapsed on July 31, resetting the cap at US$28 trillion and forcing Treasury to begin taking "extraordinary measures" to continue funding government operations without breaching the limit.

Raising the debt limit does not increase spending, but simply allows Treasury to pay for projects already approved by Congress. Without an increase, the US could face an unprecedented default on payments.

"Defaulting on our existing obligations would be irresponsible and do irreparable harm to the US economy and taxpayers," the Securities Industry and Financial Markets Association, American Bankers Association and other industry groups said in a letter to congressional leaders on Monday.

"Even a short-term delay would cause serious harm, when our economy continues to recover from the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic."

Raising the debt ceiling has been a contentious issue in Congress for the past several years.

A 2011 standoff that saw Republicans use the issue as leverage over then President Barack Obama, a Democrat, caused S&P Global Ratings to downgrade US sovereign debt from its coveted AAA rating.


A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Straits Times on September 16, 2021, with the headline 'Republicans hold back support to increase the US debt ceiling'. Subscribe