WELLINGTON (BLOOMBERG) - New Zealand suffered its worst economic slump since the Great Depression in the second quarter as a strict nationwide lockdown to combat the coronavirus brought the country to a standstill.
Gross domestic product plunged 12.2 per cent from the first quarter, Statistics New Zealand said on Thursday (Sept 17). That's the biggest three-month contraction since quarterly records began in 1977. Economists had forecast a 12.5 per cent decline.
From a year earlier, the economy shrank 12.4 per cent, the most recorded in comparable official data dating back to 1955.
New Zealand is going through a sharper but shorter economic shock than it experienced during the depression, when GDP fell 5.3 per cent in 1931 and a further 7.1 per cent in 1932, according to academic research. Nor is the Covid slump as bad as initially feared. The South Pacific nation succeeded in eliminating community spread of the virus, allowing it to emerge early from lockdown, and indicators suggest growth surged in the third quarter as consumers went on a spending spree.
However, the real pain may still lie ahead. The border remains closed to foreigners, crippling the tourism industry, and the end of the government's wage subsidy is expected to see unemployment rise.
The New Zealand dollar was little changed at 67.31 US cents after the release.
"It's not the size of the fall that matters, but the size of the rebound and like many we expect to see a strong bounce back in activity over the third quarter," said Jane Turner, senior economist at ASB Bank in Auckland.
Thursday's report confirms the first recession - defined as two consecutive quarters of economic decline - since 2010. GDP fell a revised 1.4 per cent in the first quarter of the year, the statistics agency said.
The data are unlikely to dent Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern's chances of winning a second term in the Oct 17 election. Ardern is riding high in the polls after her deft handling of the pandemic.
The government's pursuit of an elimination strategy saw it impose one of the strictest lockdowns in the world but allowed a quicker resumption of economic activity once the virus was contained. New Zealand has recorded 1,451 confirmed cases of Covid-19 and just 25 deaths.
The nation's initial seven-week lockdown began in the final week of March and ended in May. While a fresh community outbreak in mid-August required a second lockdown in largest city Auckland, the country has fared better than many of its peers who still don't have the virus under control.
UK GDP plummeted 20.4 per cent in the second quarter from the first and 21.7 per cent from a year earlier. In the US, the economy shrank 9.5 per cent in the quarter, a drop that equals an annualized pace of 32.9 per cent, its sharpest downturn since at least the 1940s.
Australia's economy shrank less - 7 per cent in the quarter and 6.3 per cent in the year - but it is not expected to enjoy the same bounce back in activity in the third quarter that New Zealand is experiencing.
The government has pledged NZUS$62 billion (US$42 billion) of fiscal support to help revive domestic demand and protect jobs, while the central bank has slashed interest rates and embarked on quantitative easing to drive down borrowing costs. Reserve Bank policy makers are considering taking interest rates negative to further nurse the economy through the downturn.
The second-quarter contraction was driven by service industries, particularly hospitality and accommodation as international travel stopped, the statistics agency said.
Manufacturing output fell 13 per cent from the first quarter and construction slumped 26 per cent.
Household consumption fell 12 per cent, led by durable goods and travel spending.
Exports fell 16 per cent, led by a decline in tourist spending, while Imports slumped 25 per cent.