HONG KONG • The divide between Asia's two main financial hubs in handling the pandemic is growing wider, with one opening up to global travel and the other maintaining one of the world's harshest quarantine policies.
In Singapore, officials are taking steps to reconnect with the global economy even as the Government faces pressure to favour locals over foreigners for well-paying jobs.
Speaking in a televised address over the weekend, Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong said that Singapore cannot stay "locked down and closed off indefinitely" and residents should prepare to see "many Covid-19 cases for some time to come".
Hong Kong Chief Executive Carrie Lam has taken the opposite approach, following China's Covid-zero approach that tolerates no local infections. While expressing concern about the city's reputation in a Bloomberg Television interview on Monday, Mrs Lam said she was "duty bound to protect my people", and businesses in any case saw Hong Kong as a gateway to the mainland.
The divergence is raising questions about Hong Kong's future as a regional hub, particularly among an expat business community that for years has bounced back and forth between the former British colonies known for low tax rates, friendly labour laws and easy immigration policies.
Fully vaccinated residents in Hong Kong face a mandatory 21-day hotel stay if they visit locations such as the United States and Britain, while Singapore is starting to allow quarantine-free travel to those places and more.
A Facebook post on Saturday captured the ennui many are feeling in Hong Kong. In a group with 55,000 members to support those stuck in quarantine, one member wrote that the city's restaurants, bars, beaches and hiking trails were getting monotonous, and many residents who see life returning to normal in Europe or the US often do not want to come back.
"I was born here and have lived in this beautiful city for 36 years, but I can't go on any more. I can't take it," the person wrote in the post, which had more than 1,000 likes and nearly 500 comments as at Monday afternoon. "The thing is if there was any semblance of hope - on X date we will open up - then the atmosphere here would be buzzing. But the feeling is there is no hope or end in sight."
Hong Kong's strict travel policies show just how much its leaders are keen to impress Beijing, which has moved to eliminate dissent following sometimes violent pro-democracy protests in 2019. But quarantines are required even for travel to the mainland and there is no clear criteria for easing curbs, leaving business people with nowhere to go that does not involve a lengthy time locked in a hotel room.
Mr Danny Lau, who runs a factory in Guangdong province that manufactures construction materials mostly for US clients, said that "Hong Kong could easily be taken over by Singapore" as Asia's international financial hub if it continues with its Covid-zero policy.
"We, of course, welcome the Singapore model because it's very difficult to eradicate Covid-19," said Mr Lau, who serves as honorary chairman of the Hong Kong Small and Medium Enterprises Association. "There may still be cases after five years. Are you going to close the border for five years?"
Mrs Lam and other Hong Kong officials say the policies are popular with the public and have worked in suppressing the virus: The city has seen fewer than 12,300 cases and only 213 deaths throughout the entire pandemic.
Disputing accusations that Hong Kong cannot autonomously set policy, Mrs Lam said on Monday the city was doing "very well" as a financial centre. Last week, she said the mainland was "more important" than international business.
But the travel policies are adding to concerns for businesses, which already faced a China-backed clampdown on free speech, questions about the independence of the judiciary and an education system now focused on patriotism.
Hong Kong saw a record outflow of 89,200 residents in the year that ended in June, while the latest annual government survey showed the number of US-based firms in the city fell for a third straight year to 1,267 - down 6.2 per cent from 2018. And while the overall number of companies with foreign parents has risen to a record of 9,049 this year, a statistic Mrs Lam cited on Monday as a sign of the city's competitiveness, data shows that the increases have come mostly from China.
In one survey, the American Chamber of Commerce said over 40 per cent of its members were considering leaving the city. Amcham president Tara Joseph told Bloomberg News last week that lobbying the Hong Kong government to reopen was like "talking to a wall".
"We're looking towards the second Christmas in a row when not many families will be travelling home, and that doesn't help the overall confidence of decision-makers in Hong Kong," said Mr Frederik Gollob, chairman of the European Chamber of Commerce in Hong Kong. He said many companies were discussing measures short of moving their businesses, including relocating people to the mainland or moving certain jobs to other places like Singapore.
That may not be so easy. Singapore has toughened up its immigration policies, increasing scrutiny of banks, fund managers, management consultancies and other firms suspected of "discriminatory hiring practices" that pass over locals for foreigners.
In August, Prime Minister Lee pledged to tighten restrictions on foreign workers and raise wages for low-income labourers as the city-state recovers from a pandemic-induced recession.
Singapore has also seen its population drop for a second consecutive year, primarily due to an exodus of foreign workers, students and residents amid tight Covid-19 controls.
Still, in Hong Kong, the business community is worried. Mr Felix Chung, a pro-establishment lawmaker who represents the textile industry in the Legislative Council, said Hong Kong "cannot disconnect with the rest of the world" if it is going to be an international financial centre.
"Singapore, as a rival to Hong Kong, will definitely take the chance to grab as many of our businesses as possible," he said. "It's a threat to Hong Kong."