HONG KONG (BLOOMBERG) - China's factory inflation may have peaked and started slowing in November, providing some relief for companies and making room for the central bank to do more to support the economy.
The producer price index is forecast to have climbed 12.1 per cent in November from a year earlier, slower than the 26-year high of 13.5 per cent in October, according to the median estimate in a survey of economists.
Despite the retreat, the projected increase would still be the second fastest in 26 years. Faster inflation in China in recent months fanned stagflation concerns amid a domestic economic slowdown and worries about persistent global inflation.
It also increased the challenge for the People's Bank of China on how to stimulate growth without adding to inflationary pressures, so slower price rises may make it easier to add stimulus.
The central bank acted to release 1.2 trillion yuan (S$257 billion) into the economy, announcing on Monday (Dec 6) that it would reduce most banks' reserve requirement ratio by 0.5 percentage point from next week.
While the central bank said this was not the start of an easing cycle, financial markets are showing some expectation of further action. The Communist Party's top leaders also indicated earlier this week that their focus for the coming year is stabilising macroeconomic conditions and signalled an easing of some property curbs next year, as a real estate downturn and sporadic virus outbreaks weigh on the economic outlook.
A milder pace in price hikes show previous government measures to boost commodity supplies and tame surging costs are having some effect. Iron ore prices continued dropping in November, although they have started to climb again this month.
An easing power crunch also helped to lift caps on factory output which had boosted prices. The falling inflation trend can also be seen in the price sub-indexes of China's manufacturing purchasing managers index. Input prices for manufacturing dropped sharply in November to 52.9 from 72.1, while output prices plunged to 48.9 from 61.1.
Consumer inflation is forecast to have risen faster, quickening to 2.5 per cent from 1.5 per cent in October and potentially hitting the highest level since mid-2020. The pickup was likely driven by more expensive food, but there are signs that soaring vegetable prices have started to come down in December from a recent peak in November.
Vegetable prices have fallen in recent days, according to Ms Zhao Lihua, a 67-year-old Beijing resident, who said cauliflower prices have dropped by around 30 per cent.
However, she feels that living costs keep increasing despite the muted CPI readings this year. "I don't feel prices got any cheaper this year. They are always getting more expensive year after year," she said on Wednesday.
A deflationary drag from pork prices will likely continue for a while due to the low base for comparison from last year. The rise in core CPI is still muted, as it excludes more volatile food and energy prices, and sporadic Covid-19 outbreaks likely continue to weigh on services consumption.
The National Bureau of Statistics is scheduled to release the November inflation data at 9.30am on Thursday, Beijing time.