Asia's worst currency hammered as funds buy foreign stocks

Currency dealers monitor exchange rates in front of a screen showing South Korea's benchmark stock index, at the KEB Hana Bank in Seoul, on March 25, 2019.
Currency dealers monitor exchange rates in front of a screen showing South Korea's benchmark stock index, at the KEB Hana Bank in Seoul, on March 25, 2019.PHOTO: AFP

SEOUL (BLOOMBERG) - As if South Korea's won doesn't have enough to worry about, a stampede in local investors toward overseas assets is threatening further losses in Asia's worst-performing currency.

Korean investors traded a net US$37.9 billion (S$52.1 billion) of foreign stocks and bonds last quarter, a 51 per cent increase over the previous three months, data from Korea Securities Depository showed. The won has tumbled almost 6 per cent this year as economic growth has slowed, exports have been pummeled by the US-China trade war and a souring semiconductor market has hurt companies such as Samsung Electronics Co.

"We are increasing our allocation in foreign assets through a hedge fund," said Heo Pil-Seok, chief executive officer in Seoul at Midas International Asset Management, which oversees the equivalent of US$6.8 billion. "The fundamentals of local assets are weakening, especially since economic growth contracted in the first quarter, and the prolongation of the trade war is fostering the fear that it will take a bigger toll on Korea."

The surge in demand for overseas investments is being fueled by a prolonged slump in local shares. The benchmark Kospi stock index has dropped almost 17 per cent in the past 12 months, and on Friday briefly erased all its gains for this year. In comparison, a gauge of global equities has risen 10 per cent in 2019.

The National Pension Service, South Korea's largest investor, has been at the vanguard of the move into overseas assets. The fund, which oversees the equivalent of about US$560 billion, aims to increase investment in foreign stocks to about 30 per cent of assets by the end of 2023, compared with 25 per cent under its previous plan for 2022, the Ministry of Health and Welfare said last year.

Korea's struggling economy is one of the major reasons behind the switch toward overseas assets.

Gross domestic product shrank the most in a decade last quarter as declining investment and weak technology demand took a toll on the economy. Exports have dropped for five straight months, while the current-account surplus slid to a seven-year low in the first three months of the year.


"Local investors seem to be leaving Korea because indicators are sluggish, and in terms of demand and supply that is a won-negative phenomenon," said Lee Young Hwa, an economist at Kyobo Securities in Seoul. Still, the main driver of won weakness is the trade war and slowing global growth, she said.

The won fell to 1,196.50 per US dollar last week, the lowest since January 2017, spurring South Korea to warn traders the recent moves have been excessive. The authorities will hold a meeting to discuss trading that has distorted the market, according to a finance ministry official who asked not to be named. The currency rose 0.4 per cent Monday to 1,183.25.

Meanwhile, the news keeps getting worse. Samsung Electronics, the world's largest memory-chip maker and the biggest constituent of the Kospi index, has tumbled 6.7 per cent this month as concern over the US-China trade war added to a negative outlook for the global chip industry.

"Foreign investment isn't particularly strong these days, but there has been more demand from local investors to switch part of their won assets to those denominated in other currencies," aid Heo at Midas International Asset said.