TikTok owner Bytedance's sales doubled to $46 billion despite US ban

ByteDance's phenomenal growth stems from the global success of teen phenom TikTok and its Chinese twin Douyin. PHOTO: REUTERS

BEIJING (BLOOMBERG) - ByteDance's revenue more than doubled to about US$35 billion (S$46.4 billion) last year, defying heightened global competition and then President Donald Trump's attempt to ban its signature video service TikTok in the United States.

The Chinese company managed to grow operating profit to roughly US$7 billion in 2020 from less than US$4 billion the prior year, a person familiar with the matter said. That's in a year when Mr Trump sought to ban TikTok and force its sale to American investors led by Oracle.

With Mr Joe Biden in office, the company is moving closer toward listing part of its social media empire in Hong Kong. The Information first reported on ByteDance's 2020 financials.

ByteDance's phenomenal growth stems from the global success of teen phenom TikTok and its Chinese twin Douyin, which helped pioneer a new form of social video and undercut rivals from Facebook to Tencent Holdings.

Last valued at about US$180 billion, the company is said to be exploring an initial public offering for some of its businesses in Hong Kong, including Douyin. A ByteDance spokesman declined to comment.

An eventual IPO would follow smaller competitor Kuaishou Technology's impending US$5.4 billion debut. Kuaishou, which operates China's most popular video service after Douyin, is slated to list Feb 5 in the world's biggest internet IPO since Uber Technologies.

But one major uncertainty remains for ByteDance: Whether the Biden administration will follow through on its predecessors' actions.

Founded by Zhang Yiming in 2012, ByteDance built TikTok into one of the most popular apps around the world, with more than 100 million users in the US alone. The start-up has more than quadrupled revenue from just US$8 billion in 2018 and now posts sales on par with the likes of Nike and Coca-Cola.

But the Trump administration labelled the app a security threat and banned the service last year, contending the Chinese government could compel ByteDance to turn over the data of millions of young American users. Oracle and Walmart then agreed to buy 20 per cent of TikTok in a complex deal blessed by the former president.

Mr Biden's immediate priorities are curbing the pandemic and resuscitating the economy, and he has had little to say so far about TikTok. It's possible ByteDance could work out a compromise with the new president that allows it to retain full or majority ownership - provided it can demonstrate American user data is secure.

As the TikTok saga raged, Mr Zhang has put more effort into nascent Chinese-focused businesses from gaming and education to e-commerce, while fine-tuning ByteDance's management structure, the person said, asking not to be identified discussing internal matters.

During a December town hall meeting attended by ByteDance's 100,000-plus employees, Mr Zhang said TikTok's user growth slowed in 2020's second half because of new competition from Youtube and Snapchat owner Snap, according to attendees who asked not be identified discussing private events. But he emphasised that its growth potential still outstripped Douyin's, they said.

Join ST's Telegram channel and get the latest breaking news delivered to you.