Collapse of Singapore commodity firm Agritrade leaves lenders exposed

HONG KONG (BLOOMBERG) - Lenders including ING Bank have accused a Singapore commodities firm of fraud after it defaulted on debt and left the financiers facing potential losses on hundreds of millions of dollars in their liabilities.

ING Bank alleged that Agritrade International, its chief executive officer, Mr Ng Xinwei, and his father, Mr Ng Say Peck, misrepresented the company's financial position to various bank lenders in a Feb 12 filing to a Singapore court.

Agritrade officials declined to comment. Mr Ng Xinwei noted in a Feb 10 court filing that allegations of fraud perpetrated by Agritrade International "and/or its directors" had been made by banks including MUFG Bank and Natixis. Mr Ng Xinwei’s lawyer said an independent financial adviser found nothing that linked him to fraud. Mr Ng Say Peck could not be reached for comment.

Agritrade International, whose businesses span palm oil and coal mining, is the latest commodities firm to come under financial strain amid coal and oil market turmoil. Its subsidiary Agritrade Resources, which operates mines in Indonesia and China, is in default on a total of US$244 million (S$341 million) of loans.

A group of 15 lenders, including ING, Malayan Banking Bhd, Natixis, MUFG Bank and Commerzbank, held aboout US$600 million of Agritrade International's US$1.5 billion of liabilities, according to the ING Bank filing.

BANK EXPOSURES

The amount held by Malayan Banking was US$107.6 million, while ING and MUFG held US$96.9 million and US$77.3 million respectively, ING's Feb 12 filing detailing banks' exposures showed.

ING alleges that Agritrade issued multiple "overlapping" bills of lading, or lists of shipment goods, to obtain financing from multiple banks for the same shipment. Commerzbank believes that shipments of coal it had financed did not exist, after it hired a coal specialist to investigate, according to a filing.

ING, MUFG, Natixis and Commerzbank declined to comment. A spokesman for Malayan Banking said the bank is unable to comment on specific clients and that it has "a stringent provisioning policy in place and takes appropriate measures as and when required to manage the asset quality of our entire credit portfolio."

INDUSTRY STRAINS

Commodities firms have been under severe stress globally as China's economic growth slows and oil prices remain depressed. A string of coal mining firms filed for bankruptcy in the US last year. In Asia, Chinese commodities trader Tewoo Group Corp last year defaulted on its dollar bonds.

ING alleged in its Feb 12 filing that Agritrade's current predicament is due to "a massive and premeditated fraud" perpetuated by Mr Ng Xinwei and Mr Ng Say Pek, who founded the business.

Mr Bazul Ashhab, a lawyer representing Mr Ng Xinwei, said Mr Ng "has never been involved" in the company's trading business, which was run by Mr Ng Say Peck.

INDEPENDENT INVESTIGATION

When allegations of fraud surfaced, Mr Ng Xinwei immediately took steps to increase the scope of an independent financial adviser's role in carrying out investigations, which show that there is nothing that links Mr Ng Xinwei to the fraud perpetuated against Agritrade International, the lawyer said by e-mail.

Mr Ng Say Peck stepped down as chairman of Hong Kong-listed Agritrade Resources in February. There was no reply to an e-mail to his former company seeking comment from him. A Bloomberg reporter who visited his listed residence in Singapore was told that he was not there.

In the Feb 10 court filing, Mr Ng Xinwei said his father flew out of Singapore around Dec 21, he understood that Mr Ng Say Peck went to China, and had no knowledge if his father intended to return to Singapore.

A Singapore court dismissed this month an application by Agritrade International for a moratorium against lenders taking action, and it appointed interim judicial managers over the company. Since then, Mr Ng Xinwei still remains a director and is assisting the managers to negotiate a proposal from an investor to inject funds and repay its creditors, according to Mr Ng's lawyer.

ING Bank also alleged that Agritrade and Mr Ng Xinwei failed to disclose a raid by Singapore's Commercial Affairs Department of Agritrade's office on Jan 15.

A CAD spokesman said that it is "inappropriate to comment on ongoing investigations."

Agritrade International started off as a family-run palm oil trading firm in 1979. Hong Kong-listed Agritrade Resources said in November that coal prices have been declining due to "shrinking coal import" from major markets like China and India, and under such unfavourable markets, the group reduced its coal production.

Note: The article has been updated by Bloomberg for clarity.