HONG KONG (BLOOMBERG) - Just weeks after the United States placed a unit of SenseTime Group on a blacklist for alleged human rights violations, the firm is about to make founder Tang Xiao'ou one of the world's richest people.
China's largest artificial intelligence company priced its initial public offering at HK$3.85 (S$0.66) per share, raising US$5.55 billion (S$7.5 billion).
That was the bottom of the expected range, but a signal that despite increased tensions with the US and Beijing's crackdown on tech giants, the country, including its vast surveillance machinery, continues to churn out huge fortunes and massive gains for venture capitalists.
Mr Tang, 53, a Massachusetts Institute of Technology graduate and information engineering professor at the Chinese University of Hong Kong, holds a 21 per cent stake in the company and is worth US$3.4 billion (S$4.6 billion), according to the Bloomberg Billionaires Index.
A representative for SenseTime declined to comment on Mr Tang's net worth.
SenseTime was long expected to be a blockbuster public offering but has drawn fire in recent years. It was forced to delay the listing this month after the US alleged the company's facial-recognition software is used in the oppression of Uighur Muslims in the Xinjiang autonomous region of western China. SenseTime has said the accusations, which led to the sanctions, are unfounded.
SenseTime is the first overseas offering by a high-profile Chinese tech unicorn since ride-sharing giant Didi Global's July IPO in New York sparked a regulatory backlash by officials in Beijing. The shares are scheduled to start trading on Thursday (Dec 30) in Hong Kong, giving the company a market value of more than US$16 billion.
Mr Tang has long been involved in developing the artificial intelligence required for facial recognition.
He received his undergraduate degree from the University of Science and Technology of China, then graduated from the University of Rochester in New York and got his PhD from MIT in 1996, where he studied underwater robotics and computer vision.
He worked for Microsoft Research Asia for a few years and co-founded Shanghai-based SenseTime in 2014 with Dr Xu Li, then a research scientist at Chinese computer maker Lenovo Group. The company attracted early investment from IDG Capital and then picked up backers including SoftBank Group, Alibaba Group Holding and Silver Lake.
It is now the largest AI software firm in Asia with an 11 per cent market share, according to the prospectus. The technology is deployed in a range of areas, including helping police in China, providing product placements in films and creating an augmented reality scene in a mobile game by Tencent Holdings.
SenseTime relaunched its IPO process days after the blacklist, with a group of cornerstone investors increasing their bets to US$512 million from US$450 million. These included state-backed Mixed-Ownership Reform Fund and the Shanghai Xuhui Capital Investment.
The company later uploaded a legal opinion to the Hong Kong Stock Exchange, claiming the restrictions did not apply to the parent company of the sanctioned unit. While the offering size remained the same, retail investors reportedly expressed more caution.
"It makes sense that retail investors who look for short-term gains have become less enthusiastic with the sanction factor," said Mr Kenny Ng, a strategist at Everbright Sun Hung Kai. "Especially since the overall Hong Kong stock market is not performing well lately."
SenseTime's revenue increased 14 per cent last year to 3.4 billion yuan (S$723 million), though it still posted an operating loss of 1.8 billion yuan.
"Tech companies at an early stage still need to invest more in research and development to keep their technology competitive," Mr Ng said. "For SenseTime, maintaining a stable income growth is more important than turning profitable in the short term."