China factory activity stuns with fastest growth in a decade

China manufacturing smashed expectations as production zoomed after the lifting of Covid-19 restrictions late last year. PHOTO: EPA-EFE

BEIJING - China’s manufacturing activity expanded at the fastest pace in more than a decade in February, official data showed on Wednesday, smashing expectations as production zoomed after the lifting of Covid-19 restrictions in late 2022.

The official manufacturing purchasing managers’ index (PMI) shot up to 52.6 against 50.1 in January, according to the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS), above the 50-point mark that separates expansion and contraction in activity.

The PMI far exceeded an analyst forecast of 50.5 and was the highest reading since April 2012.

The world’s second-largest economy recorded one of its worst years in nearly half a century in 2022 due to strict Covid-19 lockdowns and subsequent widespread infections. The curbs were abruptly lifted in December as the highly transmissible Omicron variant spread across the country.

Global markets cheered the big surprise in the PMI, with Asian stocks and the Australian dollar reversing earlier losses, the offshore renminbi perking up and oil rallying, as investors took a more optimistic view on China’s economic prospects.

“The high PMI readings partly reflect the economy’s weak starting point coming into this year and are likely to drop back before long as the pace of the recovery slows,” said Capital Economics head of China economics Julian Evans-Pritchard.

“We had already been expecting a rapid near-term rebound, but the latest data suggests that even our above-consensus forecasts for growth of 5.5 per cent this year may prove too conservative.”

Markets expect the annual meeting of China’s Parliament, which kicks off this weekend, will set economic targets and elect new top economic officials.

“The decent PMI readings provide a positive note for the upcoming National People’s Congress. We expect the government to roll out further supportive policies to cement the economic recovery,” said Guotai Junan International economist Zhou Hao.

The official PMI came out just before an upbeat private sector index from Caixin/S&P that showed activity rising for the first time in seven months.

Businesses accelerated their resumption of work and production, as the effect of economic stabilisation policies was felt by the sector while the impact of Covid-19 receded, the NBS said in a separate statement.

Mixed outlook

New export orders rose for the first time since April 2021, the PMI showed.

At the same time, China’s PMI contrasted with more downbeat factory activity readings from other Asian economies for February, showing conditions abroad were sluggish.

More broadly, the outlook remains mixed as the country’s major trading partners deal with surging interest rates and cost pressures.

China’s manufacturing sector had been under pressure in 2023, with factory-gate prices falling in January due to still cautious domestic consumption and uncertain foreign demand.

Manufacturing companies have also seen surging purchasing prices in steel and related downstream industries, the NBS said.

The official non-manufacturing PMI rose to 56.3 from 54.4 in January, indicating the fastest pace of expansion since March 2021.

Construction activity, which is part of the official non-manufacturing PMI, picked up further, standing at 60.2 from 56.4, partly due to the resulting boost to infrastructure spending and increasing financing to help developers complete stalled projects.

Services activity also continued to rise, with improvements in the transportation and accommodation sectors. REUTERS

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