Payments giant Wirecard files for insolvency after €1.9 billion goes missing

Wirecard itself didn't supply BaFin with documents related to the allegations. PHOTO: AFP

BERLIN (REUTERS, BLOOMBERG) - Wirecard said on Thursday (June 25) it was filing for insolvency after disclosing a €1.9 billion (S$3 billion) financial hole in its accounts, becoming the first sitting member of Germany's blue-chip share index to go out of business.

Shares were suspended by the Frankfurt Stock Exchange before the news. They have lost more than 90 per cent since auditor EY refused to sign off on the 2019 accounts last week, leading to the resignation of long-time chief executive officer Markus Braun.

Wirecard said in a two-paragraph statement that its new management had decided to apply for insolvency at a Munich court "due to impending insolvency and over-indebtedness".

It also said it was evaluating whether to file for insolvency proceedings for its subsidiaries.

The Munich-based fintech collapsed less than two years after it won admission to Germany's prestigious DAX blue-chip index. At its peak worth US$28 billion (S$39 billion), the company becomes the first sitting member of the DAX to collapse.

The Munich prosecutor's office, which is already investigating Mr Braun on suspicion of misrepresenting Wirecard's accounts and of market manipulation, said: "We will now look at all possible criminal offences."

Earlier, it was reported that Germany's financial watchdog BaFin took more than a year to report Wirecard for suspected market manipulation after receiving a tip-off from a whistle-blower about irregularities at the payments company.

It received documents on Wirecard from an anonymous source in late January 2019, and evaluated them along with a Financial Times report on alleged accounting issues at the company, Germany's Finance Ministry said in a written response to questions from lawmakers.

The ministry's reply, which is dated April 9, did not specify what the documents contained and on what day BaFin received them.

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Wirecard said on Thursday it was filing for insolvency after disclosing a $2.1 billion financial hole in its accounts, becoming the first sitting member of Germany's blue-chip share index to go out of business.

The German regulator has come under intense criticism for its handling of a scandal that top government officials said risked damaging the country's reputation. While the FT detailed suspected fraud and suspicious transactions at Wirecard, BaFin's immediate efforts last year appeared to be mainly geared towards containing the damage from the allegations by banning investors from betting against the stock.

BaFin started to investigate both short-sellers as well as Wirecard at the end of January last year, but the regulator was unable to ask law enforcement to take on the latter until auditors weighed in earlier this year, according to a spokesman.

Mr Felix Hufeld, the head of BaFin, issued a major apology on Monday (June 22), saying that it was among institutions responsible for the "complete disaster" at Wirecard because it didn't do a good enough job supervising, while defending his unprecedented ban on short sales of the stock. The regulator said it had to act because it received indications of possible market manipulation, including insider trading.

Supervisors have to act if they see "crystal clear indications, not from a shady source coming anywhere around the globe, but from a major public prosecutor in Germany", he said.

Yet the disclosure from the ministry suggests that BaFin also had information early on casting doubt on the company, possibly even before the Jan 30, 2019, FT story that caused Wirecard's shares to slump. The issue may come up on July 1, when Mr Hufeld is scheduled to explain his policy to the parliamentary finance committee.

Wirecard itself didn't supply BaFin with documents related to the allegations, according to the ministry documents. Regulators from other countries also asked the German watchdog about the allegations against Wirecard published by the FT, the ministry said in its response to lawmakers.


In an earlier response to lawmakers, the ministry said that getting to the bottom of allegations against Wirecard employees and subsidiaries in Asia was the responsibility of the local authorities. That document shows that BaFin investigated Wirecard on at least three other occasions over its disclosures. The company was fined €1.5 million last year for failing to publish a financial report in full within the prescribed period.

BaFin is responsible for supervising Germany's financial markets, and it has direct oversight of Wirecard's banking unit but not of the parent company. Finance Minister Olaf Scholz said on Tuesday that critical questions need to be asked about how Wirecard was supervised and that auditors and regulators don't seem to have been effective.

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