SINGAPORE - With Singapore’s economic recovery set to pick up pace in the second half of 2021, the financial sector is also on its way for another year of robust growth, the central bank said as it released its annual report on Wednesday (June 30).
The Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS) estimates the financial services sector grew by about 6 per cent in the first half of this year, its managing director Ravi Menon said at a briefing on the report.
The sector had already outperformed the overall economy last year by expanding 5.1 per cent, MAS said. This pace was even faster than 2019, before the onset of the Covid-19 outbreak. The growth was broad-based growth across banking, insurance, fund management, and payment services.
“We expect the financial sector to continue to create good jobs this year as well,” said Mr Menon.
The financial services and fintech sectors created 2,500 net jobs last year and financial institutions are expected to create about 6,500 new hiring opportunities this year, with strong demand in areas such as technology, wealth management, corporate banking, and insurance.
He said MAS is also conducting stress tests to assess whether it is necessary to extend the current dividend payment restrictions on local banks.
Since July last year, the MAS has asked local banks to cap their total dividends per share for FY2020 at 60 per cent of the previous year’s dividends per share, and offer shareholders the option of receiving the dividends in scrip, in lieu of cash.
The move was aimed at ensuring that banks could prioritise lending and support businesses and individuals during the pandemic.
MAS’ concerns at the onset of the Covid-19 crisis that defaults among weaker companies could strain banks’ profitability and capital positions have not materialised, Mr Menon noted.
He added that “MAS recognises however that problem loans can take time to surface”.
The MAS chief also reiterated that Singapore’s gross domestic product growth (GDP) could exceed the upper end of the 4 per cent to 6 per cent forecast range, barring a setback to the global economy.
The broader economy should see a recovery in the second half of this year alongside strengthening global demand and further progress in our vaccination programme, after a temporary set back because of the renewed Covid-19 curbs.
“Last month, the official forecast range was maintained at 4 to 6 per cent in the light of the deterioration of the domestic Covid-19 situation and consequent phase two (heightened alert).”
The Ministry of Trade and Industry, together with MAS, will review the forecast range in August when preliminary estimates for second quarter GDP are available.
Mr Menon said that while the construction sector’s growth has been curtailed by the border control measures, the property market has done well.
Home prices climbed 3.3 per cent in the first quarter of this year, the most since the second quarter of 2018.
However, Mr Menon said the property market is not overheated, and MAS remains vigilant and will take action if it sees property prices rising too much, too fast.
Mr Menon said MAS made a net profit of $5.2 billion in the last financial year and will return half of the profits, or $2.6 billion, to the Government while the remainder will be added to MAS’ reserves.
The investment return from the Official Foreign Reserves was $8.2 billion, he said.
The financial sector’s robust performance was achieved in a year when the Covid-19 pandemic pulled the overall economy down by 5.4 per cent into its worst recession since independence and the unemployment rate rose to 3 per cent, the highest in more than a decade.
In his annual message, MAS chairman and Senior Minister Tharman Shanmugaratnam said: "The banking system entered the crisis from a position of strength. We expect domestic systemically important banks to remain resilient and well positioned to provide a smooth supply of credit to the economy."
He said the financial sector met both the value-added and jobs growth targets in the five-year Industry Transformation Map for 2016-2020.
Together with the Institute of Banking and Finance - which was appointed Jobs Development Partner for Financial Services by the National Jobs Council - MAS has sharpened its ability to identify employment patterns among financial institutions and to proactively engage them on upskilling and reskilling their workforce, as well as to help Singaporeans enter the industry, he noted.
Highlighting the central bank's efforts to mitigate the economic impact of the pandemic, Mr Tharman said MAS aimed at maintaining monetary and financial stability and supporting individuals, businesses and financial institutions to manage the challenges.
The introduction of the MAS SGD Term Facility and MAS USD Facility helped in managing the stronger demand for Singapore dollar (SGD) and United States dollar (USD) liquidity, while collaboration with the financial industry to introduce credit and insurance support measures aided individuals and small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) to manage their financial commitments.
MAS also provided low-cost Singapore dollar funding at 0.1 per cent to support lending by banks and finance companies to SMEs.
Enhanced training support schemes were introduced to upskill Singaporeans for new jobs in the financial sector, as well as measures to position financial institutions and fintech firms for stronger growth, Mr Tharman said.
Despite the disruption caused by the pandemic, MAS moved ahead with its longer-term goals for the financial sector, particularly in digital transformation.
Last year, MAS awarded digital banking licences to four successful applicants - a consortium of Grab and Singtel; an entity wholly owned by Sea; a consortium of Greenland Financial Holdings, Linklogis Hong Kong and Beijing Co-operative Equity Investment Fund Management; and an entity wholly owned by Ant Group.
Together with industry and government partners, MAS also launched the Singapore Financial Data Exchange, a digital finance infrastructure which allows Singaporeans to consolidate their financial information for more effective financial planning.
Despite the challenges of Covid-19, the 2020 Singapore Fintech Festival x Singapore Week of Innovation and Technology attracted strong participation globally, with more than 3½ million session views clocked on the online event platform and social media.
The Payment Services Act was amended to combat the misuse of digital payment tokens for money laundering and terrorism financing, and to allow MAS to impose measures on digital payment tokens service providers for consumer protection.
MAS implemented initiatives to bolster financial literacy among the public and to create awareness of the risks involved in dealing with cryptocurrencies.
In a move to facilitate Asia's transition to a low-carbon future and support a sustainable Singapore, the central bank issued its first sustainability report earlier this month.
As a financial regulator and supervisor, MAS has also issued guidelines on environmental risk management for banks, insurers and asset managers.
MAS is actively involved in the International Organisation of Securities Commissions Sustainable Finance Task Force and is co-leading work contributing towards the development of a globally applicable sustainability reporting standard.
MAS is also building a climate-resilient investment portfolio and implementing portfolio actions to both mitigate climate risks and capture opportunities from a low-carbon transition.
In addition, MAS is working actively with the industry to develop innovative green finance products and fintech solutions that can mobilise private capital to finance green and sustainable projects in Singapore and the region.
Mr Tharman said that even as Covid-19 persists, the global economy should continue to improve over the rest of this year, supporting Singapore's export-oriented sectors.
"The domestic-facing industries are expected to recover more gradually, on the back of macroeconomic policy stimulus, progressive reopening of the economy and the sustained roll-out of vaccinations," he said.
To maintain macroeconomic, financial and price stability, MAS has maintained an accommodative monetary policy by keeping the exchange rate policy band for the trade weighted Singapore dollar on a stable, zero per cent appreciation path.