Semblance of unity
The Daily Star, Bangladesh
The two-day 45th Group of Seven (G-7) Summit concluded recently in Biarritz. What was unusual this time was the fact that the summit ended without issuing a final communique, essentially because there was hardly any consensus on any of the major issues facing the world.
President Emanuel Macron abandoned the idea of a communique simply because he did not want President Donald Trump to abruptly leave midway through the meeting, as he did at the 44th Summit last year. Both leaders gave mixed signals and surprises rather than concrete results.
The Iran nuclear issue was probably the most divisive issue during the debates. Trump pulled out of the 2015 Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) in 2018, and imposed sanctions on Iran. Hoping to achieve a breakthrough, Macron spoke to Iranian President Hassan Rouhani prior to the summit and asked him to send Foreign Minister Javad Zarif to Biarritz for talks on the sidelines of the summit.
At the press conference, Macron surprised Trumpby saying that France shall take the initiative to bring President Trump and President Rouhani together for a face-to-face meeting in the coming weeks.
Since withdrawing from JCPOA, Washington has been asking European allies to walk out on the deal - which amounts to violating international law. The crux of the issuelies in how European leaders can be independent of Washington.
Rouhani last week said in Tehran that he was willing to meet any leader (i.e, Donald Trump) to resolve the standoff with America. While replying to questions, Trump praised the people of Iran and said that Washington was not looking for leadership change in Tehran. Without naming Rouhani, he indicated that a meeting with him was "possible" if the Iranian government behaved responsibly.
On the trade-war with China, Trump denied that it was an issue at the meeting, though all other leaders of G-7 wanted the issue to be resolved quickly. Interestingly, though China came up for long discussions, there was no Chinese delegation at the meeting.
Negotiations between US and China so far have not yielded any resolution and no deal is in sight. Japan and South Korea are also locked in a tariff war and there are disagreements between the US and Japan over trade.
Interestingly, Trump spoke of inviting Russia back into the G-7 to make it G8. Russia was a member of this forum from 1997 until 2014, but was excluded when Moscow annexed Crimea. The Europeans are still smarting under the fear of Russian expansionism and would not like to sit down with Vladimir Putin.
Flamboyant British Prime Minister Boris Johnson, after meeting with Trump, said that he had high hopes for a free trade deal with America. What he did not say is that Europe is the biggest trading partner of Britain and by dropping out of the EU, the UK will lose parts of the European market. One has to wait and see whether Johnson survives till October 31, 2019, the date when UK has to leave EU.On Hong Kong, the G-7 reaffirmed the importance of the 1984 Sino-British Joint Declaration and called to avoid violence.
It was a summit of debates, but no concrete decisions.
Did Trump get the key message?
China Daily, China
The US leader has not been happy to be seen as an outlier among other leaders attending the G-7 summit, in Biarritzbecause of his different stance on issues such as the Iran nuclear deal and climate change, which made it impossible for the world's major industrialised countries to unite around common goals. But then he prefers to talk rather than listen.
The European economy faces dim prospects, with Germany already on the brink of a recession and a possible no-deal Brexit set to bring even more chaos. The trade war between China and the United States has only worsened the situation.
That is why, just before the start of the G-7 summit, European Council President Donald Tusk said that "trade wars will lead to recession" while stressing that the Sino-US trade confrontation would be really risky for the whole world.
Even British Prime Minister Boris Johnsontold the US leader that "we don't like tariffs on the whole...We are in favour of trade peace".
Rarely have European leaders spoken with such unity on an issue. Hopefully, the message that "no one wins in a trade war", has been received, since the US leader said on Monday that the two sides will begin "serious negotiations" soon.
Let us hope his talks with the European leaders have helped the US leader appreciate that a trade deal is in everyone's best interests, the US included.
Strive to maintain G-7's significance
The Yomiuri Shimbun, Japan
The Group of Seven summit meeting of major countries has ended.
The declaration issued by their leaders was as simple as a total of five items. With regard to trade, the declaration only affirmed principles such as "open and fair world trade." The latest document signified a major retreat from last year's declaration, which emphasised "fighting protectionism".
A great gap exists between European leaders and US President Donald Trump.
The former places importance on the issues of free trade and climate change, while the latter has touted the "America First" policy and made little of international cooperation.
During the latest meeting, one G-7 leader after another expressed concerns about a slowdown in the world economy due to the intensifying trade friction between the United States and China. However, no specific message was issued by the G-7 group. It was clear that the G-7 nations do not want to offend Trump, as they have trade issues with the United States.
The latest declaration incorporated the need of overhauling the World Trade Organisation, as well as "calls for violence to be avoided" over the situation in Hong Kong.
Next year's summit meeting will be held in the United States. Trump has indicated his intention to bring Russia back to the group, ending the exclusion of that country from the talks. If Russia returns while the situation remains unchanged, it may mean the G-7 nations have accepted Russia's action of changing the status quo by force.
It is essential to bind Trump to a framework of international cooperation while also preventing a change in the nature of the G-7 countries.
- The View from Asia is a compilation of articles from The Straits Times' media partner Asia News Network, a grouping of 24 news organisations