Gun battle in Sri Lanka kills 15 following Easter Sunday explosions, US pulls citizens out

VIDEO: REUTERS
A soldier walks in front of St. Anthony's Shrine in Colombo, on April 26, 2019, following a series of bomb blasts targeting churches and luxury hotels on Easter Sunday in Sri Lanka.
A soldier walks in front of St. Anthony's Shrine in Colombo, on April 26, 2019, following a series of bomb blasts targeting churches and luxury hotels on Easter Sunday in Sri Lanka.PHOTO: AFP

COLOMBO (REUTERS) – The bodies of 15 people, including six children, were discovered at the site of a fierce overnight gun battle on the east coast of Sri Lanka, a military spokesman said on Saturday (April 27), six days after suicide bombers killed more than 250 people on the island. 

The shootout between troops and suspected Islamist militants erupted on Friday evening in Sainthamaruthu in Ampara district, to the south of the town of Batticaloa, site of one of the Easter Sunday blasts at three churches and four luxury hotels.

A police spokesman said that three suspected suicide bombers were among the 15 dead after the shootout.  The Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS) militant group claimed responsibility for last Sunday’s attacks, all but one of which were in the capital, Colombo.

The government has said they were carried out by nine well-educated Sri Lankans, eight of whom have been identified.  Authorities have warned there could be more attacks targeting religious centres following the bombings, which shattered the relative calm that Buddhist-majority Sri Lanka had enjoyed since a civil war against mostly-Hindu ethnic Tamil separatists ended a decade ago. 

The US State Department, warning that terrorist groups were continuing to plot attacks, urged citizens to reconsider travel to Sri Lanka.  It ordered the departure from the country of all school-age family members of US government employees and also authorised non-emergency employees to leave, it said in a statement.

Britain has also warned its nationals to avoid travelling to Sri Lanka unless absolutely necessary. 

ISIS BANNERS AND UNIFORMS

The east coast battle broke out when troops heading towards a suspected militant safe house were repulsed by three explosions and gunfire, military spokesman Sumith Atapattu said.

“Troops retaliated and raided the safe house where a large cache of explosives had been stored,” he said in a statement.  He said the militants were suspected members of the domestic Islamist group National Towheed Jama’at (NTJ), which has been blamed for last Sunday’s attacks.

Bomb-making materials, dozens of gelignite sticks and thousands of ball bearings were found in a search of a separate house in the same area along with ISIS banners and uniforms, the military said.

 
 
 

Police said on Friday they were trying to track down 140 people they believe have links with ISIS.  

Sri Lanka’s president said on Friday some Sri Lankan youths had been involved with ISIS since 2013 and that there were links between drug trafficking and ISIS.

“There is a close relationship between religious extremism and illegal drug trade. Our efforts to eradicate the drugs menace from the country could have advanced the ISIS attack,” said President Maithripala Sirisena.

Nearly 10,000 soldiers have been deployed across the Indian Ocean island state to carry out searches and provide security for religious centres, the military said.

Authorities have so far focused their investigations on international links to two domestic groups they believe carried out the attacks, NTJ and Jammiyathul Millathu Ibrahim.

They have detained at least 76 people, including foreigners from Syria and Egypt, in their investigations so far. Twenty were arrested in the past 24 hours alone, they said.

In a separate raid on a mosque in Colombo, a suspect was arrested and a haul of 40 swords and kris knives were seized from under the bed of the chief cleric, police said.

INTELLIGENCE FAILURE

ISIS provided no evidence to back its claim that it was behind last Sunday’s blasts. If true, it would be one of the worst attacks carried out by the group outside Iraq and Syria.

The extremist group released a video on Tuesday showing eight men, all but one with their faces covered, standing under a black ISIS flag and declaring their loyalty to its leader, Abu Bakr Al-Baghdadi. 

Muslims were urged to pray at home on Friday after the State Intelligence Services warned of possible car bomb attacks, amid fears of retaliatory violence. Many have fled their homes amid bomb scares, lockdowns and security sweeps.

Archbishop of Colombo Cardinal Malcolm Ranjith told reporters he had seen an internal security document warning of further attacks on churches and said there would be no Catholic masses this Sunday anywhere on the island. 

Officials have acknowledged a major lapse in not widely sharing intelligence warnings from India of possible attacks.  President Sirisena said on Friday that top defence and police chiefs had not shared information with him about the impending attacks.

He blamed Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe’s government for weakening the intelligence system by focusing on prosecution of military officers over alleged war crimes during a decades-long civil war with Tamil separatists that ended in 2009.

Sirisena fired Wickremesinghe in October over political differences, only to reinstate him weeks later under pressure from the Supreme Court. But a rift remains between factions aligned to the prime minister and president, sources say.
  
Sri Lanka’s 22 million people include minority Christians, Muslims and Hindus. Until now, Christians had largely managed to avoid the worst of the island’s conflict and communal tensions. 

Most of the victims of the Easter Sunday suicide bombings were Sri Lankans, although authorities said at least 40 foreigners were also killed, many of them tourists sitting down to breakfast at top-end hotels when the bombers struck.

They included British, US, Australian, Turkish, Indian, Chinese, Danish, Dutch and Portuguese nationals.

Separately, Sri Lanka’s police chief has refused a request by President Sirisena to step down, two sources at the president’s office said on Saturday, deepening the rift at top levels of government.

Sirisena, facing criticism over the failure to thwart the attacks, blamed the inspector-general of police Pujith Jayasundara and defence secretary Hemesiri Fernando for not sharing advance warnings of the attacks with him. 

Fernando resigned earlier in the week, but Jayasundara was holding on, the two officials said. 

 He has refused to resign despite the president’s request,” one of the sources said. 

Under Sri Lanka’s constitution, only parliament can remove the police chief through a lengthy process designed to shield officers from political interference. 

Jayasundara, the police chief, was handpicked for the job by Wickremesinghe.

The first source at the president’s office said Sirisena was still expecting him to turn in his papers. The second source confirmed the situation. 

Both sources declined to be identified as they were not authorised to speak with media. 

Jayasundara did not answer his phone or email seeking comments. An officer at the police department said the police chief had not resigned but did not come to work on Saturday.