Protests rage in north-east India over citizenship Bill

A policeman removes burning tires set ablaze by demonstrators during a strike to protest against India's Citizenship Amendment Bill on Dec 10, 2019. PHOTO: REUTERS

GUWAHATI (AFP) - Protestors in north-east India set fire to tyres and cut down trees to block roads on Tuesday (Dec 10) in a shutdown across the region hours after lawmakers approved the government's new citizenship Bill.

The legislation, set to go before the Upper House on Wednesday, will fast-track citizenship claims from refugees from three neighbouring countries - but not if they are Muslim.

For Islamic groups, the opposition, rights groups and others, this fits into Prime Minister Narendra Modi's Hindu nationalist agenda to marginalise India's 200 million Muslims - something he denies.

People in north-east India object for different reasons, fearing that large numbers of Hindu migrants from Bangladesh who they say are intruders will be given citizenship.

On Tuesday, the region sandwiched between Bangladesh, China and Myanmar was crippled by a general strike called by dozens of organisations, with buses off the roads and most schools and shops shut.

"The bandh (strike) have drawn a total response in the north-eastern states," said Mr Samujjal Bhattacharyya from the powerful umbrella group the North East Students' Organisation.

"We have made it clear ... that CAB (the Citizenship Amendment Bill) will not be accepted and we are going to intensify our agitation," he told AFP.

"Assam and north-eastern states had already taken a huge burden of illegal foreigners," he said.


India's Lower House passed the Bill just after midnight following a fiery debate that saw one Muslim MP compare the government to the Nazis.

Once law, it will make it much easier for Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis, and Christians fleeing Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan to become Indians.

Mr Modi's government says Muslims are excluded because they do not face persecution in these three countries.

Also excluded are other minorities fleeing other countries such as Tamils from Sri Lanka, Rohingya from Myanmar and Tibetans from China.

"This Bill is in line with India's centuries old ethos of assimilation and belief in humanitarian values," Mr Modi tweeted.

Home Minister Amit Shah told Parliament: "I say this again and again that this Bill has nothing to do with the Muslims in this country."

Mr Shah has stoked further fears among India's Muslims with his aim to conduct a nationwide National Register of Citizens (NRC) that he says will see all "infiltrators" excluded by 2024.

Activists take part in a torch light procession to protest against India's Citizenship Amendment Bill, in Guwahati, India, on Dec 9, 2019. PHOTO: AFP

On Monday, almost 1,200 scientists and scholars at institutions in India and abroad published a joint letter expressing their "dismay" at the legislation, saying the Constitution called for members of all faiths to be treated equally.

The US Commission on International Religious Freedom on Monday called for sanctions on Mr Shah while terming the Bill as a "dangerous turn in wrong direction".

The body said the Bill, together with the proposed National Register of Citizens, was creating a religious test for Indian citizenship that would strip citizenship from millions of Muslims.

Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan tweeted that the legislation by India's "fascist" government "violates" all norms of international human rights law and bilateral agreements.

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