KABUL (REUTERS) - Militants on Monday (Jan 29) raided an army outpost in Kabul, the Afghan capital, killing 11 soldiers, the fourth major attack in a spate of violence over the past nine days that is putting a new, more aggressive US strategy under the spotlight.
Five gunmen attacked the outpost near one of Afghanistan's main military academies, and 11 soldiers were killed and 15 wounded before the attackers were subdued, the Defence Ministry said.
The Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS) claimed responsibility for the attack near the Marshal Fahim military academy on the city's western outskirts, in which four of the gunmen were killed and one captured.
It came two days after an ambulance bomb in the city centre killed more than 100 people and just over a week after another attack on the Hotel Intercontinental, also in Kabul, killed more than 20.
Both of those attacks were claimed by the Taleban.
Ministry of Defence officials said the five militants, armed with rocket-propelled grenades and automatic rifles, attacked the outpost near the well-defended academy just before dawn.
"The Afghan National Army is the country's defence force and makes sacrifices for the security and well-being of the people," the ministry said.
Security officials at the scene said the gunmen had used a ladder to get over a wall into the post.
In October 2017, a suicide attacker rammed a car full of explosives into a bus carrying cadets from the academy, known as the Defence University, killing 15 of them.
While militants claiming allegiance to ISIS operate in mountains in the eastern province of Nangarhar, little is known about the group and many analysts question whether they are solely responsible for the attacks they have claimed in Kabul and elsewhere.
ISIS claimed an assault on the office of aid group Save the Children in the eastern city of Jalalabad on Wednesday (Jan 24) in which six people were killed.
The attacks have put pressure on President Ashraf Ghani and his US allies, who have expressed growing confidence that a new, more aggressive military strategy has succeeded in driving Taleban insurgents back from major provincial centres.
The United States has stepped up its assistance to Afghan security forces and its air strikes against the Taleban and other militant groups, aiming to break a stalemate and force the insurgents to the negotiating table.
However, the Taleban have dismissed suggestions they have been weakened and said Saturday's bombing in the city centre was a message to President Donald Trump.
"The Islamic Emirate has a clear message for Trump and his hand kissers, that if you go ahead with a policy of aggression and speak from the barrel of a gun, don't expect Afghans to grow flowers in response," Taleban spokesman Zabihullah Mujahid said in a statement, using the term the Islamist militants use to describe themselves.
This week's surge of violence is unlikely to sway the US strategy, or breathe life into stalled efforts to get peace talks going.
The US military and the Afghan government say big attacks on civilians are evidence that the militants are being squeezed in the countryside.
Trump condemned the Saturday attack, saying it "renews our resolve and that of our Afghan partners".
"We will not allow the Taleban to win!" he said on Twitter on Sunday.
But Ghani, embroiled in confrontation with provincial powerbrokers defying central rule, faces anger from an increasingly frustrated population, who want him to set aside political divisions and focus on security.
"People think the government is working very badly, that the security agencies think about themselves and don't care, and the international coalition just wants to fight with air strikes and doesn't have any good intelligence," said Najib Mahmood, political science professor at Kabul University.
Saturday's blast in one of the most heavily protected parts of the city, close to foreign embassies and government buildings, was the worst in the Afghan capital since a truck bomb near the German embassy killed 150 people in May.
The May blast triggered bloody anti-government protests but there has been no sign of any such agitation this week.
The United States and Afghanistan have accused Pakistan of helping the Taliban in a bid to undermine old rival India's growing influence in Afghanistan.
Pakistan, which denies accusations it fosters the Afghan war, condemned the attack and called for "concerted efforts and effective cooperation" to tackle militancy.
A few hours after Monday's attack, Indonesian President Joko Widodo arrived in Kabul. Indonesia has the world's biggest Muslim population, and Joko has proposed its Islamic scholars could help promote Afghan peace.