State of calamity declared amid threat of Philippine volcano eruption

VIDEO: REUTERS
On Jan 16, the provincial board declared Albay under a state of calamity due to the threat of the eruption of Mount Mayon. The declaration would allow local governments to use their calamity funds to provide assistance to affected areas.
On Jan 16, the provincial board declared Albay under a state of calamity due to the threat of the eruption of Mount Mayon. The declaration would allow local governments to use their calamity funds to provide assistance to affected areas.PHOTO: EPA-EFE

LEGAZPI CITY (PHILIPPINE DAILY INQUIRER/ASIA NEWS NETWORK) - For several days now, most residents of Albay province in the Philippines have their eyes fixed at the glowing crater of Mount Mayon as it continues to spew ash, smoke and lava.

But the volcano's "fireworks" have not only attracted the attention of locals. Day tourists have been coming to this capital to watch Mayon up close.

"Most visitors are domestic tourists. There are fewer foreign tourists because of the cancelled flights. But if the weather improves, we expect more tourists to come," said Ms Dorothy Colle, head of provincial tourism office, referring to visitors who do not spend a full day in the city.

STATE OF CALAMITY

On Tuesday (Jan 16), the provincial board declared Albay under a state of calamity due to the threat of the eruption of Mayon.

Board Member Joseph Philip Lee, head of the board's committee on crisis and emergency management, said the declaration would allow local governments to use their calamity funds to provide assistance to affected areas.

Mr Cedric Daep, head of Albay Public Safety Emergency Management Office, said the province has more than 90 million peso (S$2 million) in calamity funds.

Lava spurting from Mayon volcano lit up the night sky on Monday in what scientists said was a sign of increasing activity that prompted official calls for evacuation of areas under threat from a major eruption.

 

But even as thousands of residents flee, tourists are flocking to this city, some 330km southeast of Metro Manila, to watch and photograph the spectacle, Mr Danny Garcia, a spokesman for Albay province told AFP.

BEAUTY AND FURY

"It's a spectacle to watch. It's beauty and fury in one, especially at night. But it's a natural phenomenon so we don't know when an (explosive) eruption will happen," Mr Garcia said.

Mayon, a near-perfect cone that also draws thousands of tourists during its periods of quiet, rises 2,460m above Legazpi, a city of about 200,000 people surrounded by a largely agricultural region.

Tourists have been taking selfies, "groufies" and pictures of the lava fountains on Mayon's crater from buildings and shopping malls.

Others chose to watch the fiery spectacle from Ligñon Hill and from the Oriental Hotel in Legazpi City, and from the famous Cagsawa Ruins in Daraga town, where the iconic bell tower destroyed, buried by the volcano's eruption in 1814, stands.

Ms Angela Pacres, head of Daraga tourism office, said tourists flocked to the Cagsawa Ruins despite heavy rains since Saturday.

Ms Colle, however, reminded tourists to stay at safe vantage points. "We are asking tourists to stay beyond the 8km-radius danger zone because we need to prioritise their safety," she said.

The state volcanology institute described the natural pyrotechnics as "short-duration lava fountaining", an escalation from the slow lava flow from the crater a day earlier.

"If lava has enough gas and material, fragments will be flown up into the air, like the fountain you light up on New Year's Eve," Mr Renato Solidum, chief of the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (Phivolcs), told AFP.

"There is more force involved when the lava would exit so it's more intense than just the lava oozing out," he said.

Ash also rose 2km into the sky in the past 24 hours, enveloping surrounding areas in a grey carpet as more residents left their homes for safety.

About 30,000 people in and around Legazpi have fled their homes, the provincial government said on Tuesday, more than double the official count on Monday.

Local governments are tapping emergency funds and working to ensure clean water supply, officials said.

LAVA EFFUSION

Mr Solidum, in a telephone interview, said Mayon was displaying a "non-explosive magmatic eruption" or "lava effusion."

"It was a new magma which is why it is red. But it is non-explosive because it doesn't belch out volcanic materials," he said.

Mr Solidum said their records showed that nine episodes of tremor, associated with four short-lived lava fountaining and rockfall events, were monitored on the volcano. The collapsed lava generated a 2km lava flow on the Miisi and Buyuan gullies.

"Alert level 3 remains in effect over Mayon Volcano, which means that it is currently in a relatively high level of unrest as magma is at the crater and hazardous eruption is possible within weeks or even days," Phivolcs said.

Alert level 4 means an eruption is possible "within days" while level 5 is when a hazardous eruption is under way.

Mr Solidum said Phivolcs had yet to decide on the possibility of raising the alert level since it needed data from observations and measurements.

Mr Ed Laguerta, Phivolcs resident volcanologist, said they were waiting for the result

of the geodetic and geochemistry surveys, which would measure gas content, earthquake strength and other seismic activities on the volcano.

"In 2014, it (Mayon) ran out of gas which prevented an eruption from happening. We need to measure gas now … We need to be sure how strong the eruption would be," he said.

CLASSES DISRUPTED

The Department of Social Welfare and Development has monitored 4,659 families (18,793 people) staying in 23 evacuation centres in the towns of Camalig, Daraga, Guinobatan, Ligao, Malilipot and Santo Doming towns and Tabaco City. Some 1,184 families (4,936 people) are staying with relatives in Daraga.

Mr Bebiano Sentillas, Department of Education (DepEd) division superintendent, said the agency would hold emergency classes inside evacuation centres.

The DepEd said classes for more than 10,000 students were disrupted as they moved out of danger zones and as their schools were used as evacuation centres.

The Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH) has prepositioned heavy equipment and service vehicles to aid in road-clearing operations, the evacuation of residents, and the delivery of relief goods.

Mr Danilo Versola, DPWH director for the Bicol region, has ordered three DPWH district engineering offices to keep a close eye on roads and rivers that may be affected by lava from the volcano.

"In a worst-case scenario, we identified alternative routes to prevent the isolation of (towns) highly vulnerable to ash plume and volcanic mudflows," he said in a statement.