New Vietnam President Nguyen Phu Trong sworn in after 99.8% vote

Though the president's role is seen as largely ceremonial, Mr Nguyen Phu Trong will maintain his position as head of the Communist Party - the first person to hold both roles since revolutionary leader Ho Chi Minh in the late 1960s. PHOTO: AFP

HANOI (AFP) - Vietnam lawmakers on Tuesday (Oct 23) elected as president, Communist Party chief Nguyen Phu Trong, the only candidate on the ballot, making him the most powerful man in the country where consensus leadership has traditionally kept strongman rule in check.

Trong was ushered into his new role as head of state with 99.8 per cent of the vote from Vietnam's Parliament members a month after former president Tran Dai Quang died at age 61 after a prolonged illness.

Though the president's role is seen as largely ceremonial, 74-year-old Trong will maintain his position as party head - the first person to hold both roles since revolutionary leader Ho Chi Minh in the late 1960s.

His new position was cemented in a tightly orchestrated swearing-in ceremony on Tuesday after an overwhelming vote from 477 lawmakers, with only one vote against, according to the government's website.

"I, President of Vietnam vow to be completely loyal to the nation, people and Constitution," Trong said at the ceremony, speaking beneath a large bust of Ho Chi Minh.

"This is a very huge honour, while at the same time, a very heavy responsibility for me," he added, acknowledging his advanced age.

His election comes as no surprise after the Communist Party's Central Committee put his name forward as the only contender last month following the death of Quang.

Trong's dual role in two of the so-called "four-pillar" top leadership positions allows him to yield a huge amount of power in the government whose inner workings are often shielded from the public.

The two other "pillars" are the prime minister and National Assembly chair.

Analysts say Trong is likely to forge ahead with an anti-corruption campaign that he has spearheaded since his re-election as party chief in 2016, which has seen dozens of top officials, executives and bankers put behind bars.

Trong's time in office has also coincided with a crackdown on dissidents, with more than 55 jailed this year alone, according to an AFP tally, that rights groups say shows no sign of abating under him.

The US ambassador to Vietnam congratulated Trong on the post on Tuesday, celebrating cosying ties between the former war foes who are both seeking to counter China's rising military and economic might.

"We look forward to continuing to work closely with President Trong on further strengthening and expanding the US-Vietnam Comprehensive Partnership," ambassador Daniel Kritenbrink said in a statement.

In addition to running the powerful Communist Party, Trong will now be in charge of welcoming foreign delegates and travelling abroad as the public face of the administration.

The white-haired long-time party member has a carefully guarded reputation as a committed apparatchik, and is also a member of the powerful politburo in the one-party state.

Join ST's Telegram channel and get the latest breaking news delivered to you.