TAIPEI - In many parts of the world, a politician might hope for a picture-perfect moment with a voter’s baby to boost his poll numbers.
But in Taiwan, vegetables are the kings of the campaign trail.
Whenever the democratic island of 23 million people goes into election mode, prospective candidates race to pose with a variety of vegetables – large white radishes are a favourite – gifted by voters hoping to show their approval.
The reason is Taiwan’s love of homonyms: words that sound identical or similar but can carry multiple meanings.
In a political culture infused with “good luck” symbols and superstition – where candidates often seek advice from fengshui masters when deciding on the location or opening date of their campaign headquarters – photo-ops with the right vegetable are routine.
Garlic (suan) is immensely popular because when pronounced in Taiwanese, it sounds like the word for “chosen”.
The daikon radish (tsai-tao) is a winner because it is pronounced nearly the same as “good luck”, while pineapple (ong-lai) is a homonym for “prosperity comes”.
Ms Ke Chiong-shu, 60, has been selling vegetables at Wuxing Street Market in the capital Taipei for more than a decade.
Many of her district’s candidates have visited the market in recent weeks as Taiwan gears up to hold islandwide local elections on Saturday.
When AFP visited recently, it was former health minister Chen Shih-chung’s turn to press the flesh as he campaigned for the Taipei mayoralty.
Ms Ke grabbed some radish and garlic greens from her stall.
“Hope you get elected,” she beamed as Mr Chen proudly turned around to show the gifted veggies to the chanting crowd.
“I give to all candidates regardless of their party affiliation,” Ms Ke said. “I hope they all get elected so that they can serve us folks and strive for our benefit.”
After shaking off decades of martial law, Taiwan has evolved into one of Asia’s most vibrant and progressive democracies – a stark contrast to China, which regards the island as a renegade province to be reunified, by force if necessary. Taiwan, however, rejects China’s sovereignty claims.
Presidential and parliamentary elections are held every four years and are often dominated by relations with Beijing. In between are local elections held for a variety of positions, from mayoral posts in big cities to indigenous administrators and village chiefs.
Taiwan also has referendum laws that allow voters to regularly decide on a host of constitutional issues.
Saturday’s local election, for example, includes a referendum on whether to lower the voting age from 20 to 18.
Local polls tend to be much less focused on geopolitics and centre more on bread-and-butter issues like bad roads, stagnant wages and recent rising inflation.
“Something that is very special about Taiwanese local elections is how personable things get,” said political scientist Lev Nachman, who studies Taiwanese electoral politics.
Face-to-face greetings and a handshake or slight bow can go a long way in garnering support for a candidate.
“Older voters like to see their politicians in markets and early in the morning out on the streets,” said Assistant Professor Nachman.
Under President Xi Jinping, China has become much more bellicose towards Taiwan and Beijing has cut official communications with the island since President Tsai Ing-wen was first elected in 2016.
Ms Tsai’s Democratic Progressive Party (DPP), which has won the last two elections, sees Taiwan as a de facto sovereign nation.
The opposition is dominated by the Kuomintang party, which favours warmer ties with China.
Relations with Beijing plunged in August when it conducted huge military drills around Taiwan to protest against a visit to the island by United States House Speaker Nancy Pelosi.
But despite the very real threat of conflict, the drama has received minimal attention in the lead-up to this Saturday’s polls.
“Even though we just went through these very high-tension military drills in August, those aren’t really being talked about by local candidates,” Prof Nachman said. “Instead, it is much more about attacking opponents based on the quality of their character.”
Nonetheless, Ms Lin Pei-ying, 36, a DPP candidate who is running for councillor in the north-eastern county of Yilan, says she believes her party’s commitment to maintaining Taiwan’s democratic way of life will still feed into voters’ decisions.
“We are sending a message to China,” she said. “Taiwan is Taiwan, China is China.” AFP