BEIJING (AFP) - Alone on Chinese Valentine's Day? Gift yourself a dried flower. Or better yet, indulge in a cake shaped like a "single dog". Eating by yourself? A restaurant will sit a teddy bear across from you.
As couples coo over each other during China's version of Valentine's Day on Monday (Aug 28), several businesses will woo a single population that may be unlucky with love but has money to spend.
While Valentine's Day is on Feb 14 in other parts of the world, China celebrates its version during the Qixi Festival, which falls on the seventh day of the seventh month of the lunar calendar.
Couples go on dinner dates and exchange flowers and cards. And then there are the "single dogs", as they are nicknamed in China.
Nearly 200 million people are not married in the country of almost 1.4 billion, according to official figures, many resisting family and cultural pressure to settle down.
Businesses have something else for them.
One of the country's most popular hotpot restaurants, Haidilao, places a teddy bear across from customers who dine alone.
The bear can make customers "feel at home... not isolated and treated with warmth", a local Haidilao restaurant manager, Xu Bin, told AFP, adding that this service mainly targets younger customers.
For those with a sweet tooth, the Seven Colour Rainbow bakery makes a cake in the shape of a pooch with his tongue out.
Dubbed "the single dog", the dessert is 20 per cent more expensive than the shop's more common cake, but it accounts for 15 per cent of sales.
"People buy these cakes for their friends as a benign joke," a staffer surnamed Liu told AFP.
Even US fast food chain Burger King is offering a special discount meal just for singles on Chinese Valentine's Day: A burger, a fried chicken thigh and a smoothie.
At his flower shop, An Shuai offers singles dried roses encased in glass, which he believes will be a hit on Valentine's Day.
"People love to celebrate these festivals, and single people can also give flowers to themselves," An told AFP.
A range of businesses are targeting singles, including travel, dining, online video games, online video streaming, sports apparels and cosmetics, according to Shaun Rein, founder of China Market Research Group and author of the book The War for China's Wallet.
Travel agency Lvmama says the number of bookings for people without a companion rose almost twofold in the first half of the year compared to the same period in 2016, according to the official People's Daily newspaper.
In the first 11 months of 2016, solo travellers accounted for 15 per cent of the millions of travellers monitored by Ctrip, China's largest online travel agency, according to the Southern Metropolis Daily newspaper.
"More widespread among the young and single population, travelling alone has become a way for people to realise their spiritual pursuit," Shi Yuduan, chief marketing officer of Ctrip's tourism business department, was quoted as saying.
Zhou Kai, 29, feels greater freedom while being single.
"Without the restraint from a relationship or marriage, I can engage more time in personal interests and hobbies and spend more," Zhou said.
The high-earning urban female population is a major economic player.
Online flower retailer Reflower says almost 80 per cent of weekly orders come from female customers, with more than half buying flowers to "comfort themselves".
"Females who are single especially spend most of their paycheck. Males tend to save more because they want to buy a house later on," Rein told AFP.
"It's really being empowered by women, because they are the most optimistic consumers, they tend to have higher paying jobs than men, and they tend to spend more."
COMMUNIST BLIND DATES
But China is concerned about the accelerating drop in its working age population, a consequence of its declining fertility rate and one-child policy, which was relexed to two in 2015.
The Communist Youth League has started to organise blind dates for young people in an attempt to encourage them to settle down.
In eastern Tianjin city alone, the local league committee has arranged blind dates involving 340 people in four venues across the city for the upcoming Qixi Festival.
"In urban areas especially, parents are saying to their girls 'don't settle'. Only marry if you want to marry, only have kids if you want to have kids," Rein said, adding that the phenomenon is signalling social progress.
"I view that as showing female empowerment... I think it's a very healthy shift, showing more male-female gender equality than ever before."