TOKYO (REUTERS) - Despite public opposition in Japan over fears of new coronavirus surges, the Tokyo Olympic Games that were postponed last year will get under way on July 23, with spectators now barred from all events.
The delay and crowd restrictions on the Games, which will end on Aug 8, have been expensive in various ways. Here are some areas where costs have grown, and where income that had been expected will not materialise.
Organisers said last December that the entire cost of holding the Games would be about US$15.4 billion (S$20.83 billion), including US$2.8 billion for the unprecedented postponement from 2020. Since then, the projected bill for postponement has risen to US$3 billion.
Organisers initially sold some 4.48 million tickets and the government had expected a tourism windfall, before first overseas visitors and then domestic spectators were ruled out.
Ticket revenues had initially been expected at about 90 billion yen (S$1.11 billion) but will now drop to virtually nothing.
More than 60 Japanese companies together paid a record of more than US$3 billion to sponsor the Games. Sponsors paid another US$200 million to extend contracts after the Olympics were postponed.
That does not include partnerships with Japanese companies Toyota, Bridgestone, and Panasonic, and others such as South Korea's Samsung, which through a separate programme for top-tier sponsors have separate deals with the International Olympic Committee (IOC) worth hundreds of millions of dollars.
Although the cancellation scenario is looking less likely by the day, global insurers would face a hefty bill should that happen, with estimates running to a loss of up to US$3 billion.
The IOC takes out about US$800 million of protection for each Summer Games, which covers most of the roughly US$1 billion investment it makes in each host city.
Organisers in Tokyo will have taken out a further policy, estimated at about US$650 million.
Analysts with financial services firm Jefferies estimate the insured cost of the 2020 Olympics at US$2 billion, including TV rights and sponsorship, plus US$600 million for hospitality.
Broadcaster NBCUniversal had reaped a record US$1.25 billion in US national advertising spending for the Games before they were postponed in 2020 and has spent the past year trying to get sponsors to support them again this year, entertainment business magazine Variety reported.
NBCUniversal's parent company Comcast agreed to pay US$4.38 billion for US media rights to four Olympics from 2014 to 2020, it added.
Discovery Communications, the parent of television channel Eurosport, has agreed to pay 1.3 billion euros (S$2.08 billion) to screen the Olympics from 2018 to 2024 across Europe.
Hit to the economy
The Olympics were originally expected to be a huge tourist draw, but banning foreign spectators put paid to hopes of an early recovery in inbound tourism, frozen since last year.
In 2019, Japan hosted 31.9 million foreign visitors, who spent nearly 4.81 trillion yen (S$59 billion). Numbers plunged 87 per cent in 2020 to just 4.1 million, a 22-year low.
Though highly unlikely now, a full cancellation would mean lost stimulus of 1.8 trillion yen, or 0.33 per cent of gross domestic product (GDP), the Nomura Research Institute said in a recent report.
But Nomura Research Institute executive economist Takahide Kiuchi said that loss would pale in comparison with the economic hit from emergency curbs if the Games turned into a coronavirus super-spreader event.
"If the (Olympic Games) trigger the spread of infections and necessitate another emergency declaration, then the economic loss would be much greater," Kiuchi said.