Man on a mediation mission: Japan's Abe heads to Iran

Japan's Prime Minister Shinzo Abe meeting Iran's President Hassan Rouhani during the the World Economic Forum in 2014.
Japan's Prime Minister Shinzo Abe meeting Iran's President Hassan Rouhani during the the World Economic Forum in 2014.PHOTO: REUTERS

TOKYO (AFP) - Japan's Prime Minister Shinzo Abe heads to Iran this week on a rare diplomatic mission, hoping to ease tensions between the Islamic Republic and Tokyo's key ally Washington.

Teheran is locked in a bitter stand-off with the United States after President Donald Trump withdrew from a landmark nuclear deal last year.

Washington has now reimposed sanctions and shifted troops to the region, putting military and economic pressure on Iran, including by forcing US allies like Japan to stop purchasing Iranian oil.

Japanese government officials say Mr Abe will not present Teheran with a list of demands or deliver a message from Washington, and instead wants to position Japan as a neutral intermediary.

That could prove useful, said Mr Michael Bosack, special adviser for government relations at the Yokosuka Council on Asia-Pacific Studies.

"Japan carries none of the historical or religious baggage of other potential mediators... (and) has demonstrated its willingness to go its own way on Middle East policy," he told AFP.

"These factors better position Abe for engagement with Ayatollah Khamenei and mean that Japanese-proposed options could allow hardliners in Iran to entertain proposed off-ramps, without the potential fallout that could come from accepting 'Western' solutions."

Mr Abe will meet President Hassan Rouhani and the country's Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei on the Wednesday to Friday (June 12 to 14) trip - the first time a Japanese prime minister has visited Iran since 1978, a year before the country's revolution.

Against that backdrop, Japan is hoping to lower the temperature, officials say, with Mr Abe winning Mr Trump's blessing for the mediation trip when the US leader visited Tokyo last month.

"We believe it is extremely important that, at the leadership level, we call on Iran as a major regional power to ease tension, to adhere to the nuclear agreement and to play a constructive role for the region's stability," Chief Cabinet Secretary Yoshihide Suga said ahead of the trip.


Iranian commentators said Mr Abe could ferry messages between the two sides.

"Mr Abe's visit comes right after meeting Mr Trump in Japan, therefore the Americans are interested to use this channel," Mr Ebrahim Rahimpour, a former deputy foreign minister, told Iran's Shargh daily ahead of the trip.


Iran will "announce our rights and stances and the other side can announce the messages that could be the US President's message", he said.

But while Japan has longstanding ties with Teheran and warm relations with Washington, experts say Mr Abe has little leverage with either side and mediation will be an uphill struggle.

The trip by the Japanese PM "faces substantial obstacles and is unlikely to bear fruit", said Mr Tobias Harris, an analyst at Teneo consultancy group, in a note on the visit.

"While Japan has good relationships with countries on both sides, these relationships do not necessarily translate into influence," he added.


Japan is not just the messenger - its own interests are also at stake: Before US sanctions were reimposed, Tokyo imported around 5 per cent of its oil from Iran, and it would suffer from rising crude prices.

The trip also offers Mr Abe a rare role as international statesman, particularly given Tokyo's disappointing recent diplomatic track record.

Efforts this year to resolve a long-running stand-off with Russia over a string of disputed islands have run aground.

And Japan has also found itself out of the loop on perhaps the most pressing diplomatic challenge in its backyard: North Korea.

Mr Abe "needs a diplomatic stunt as he faces an impasse on Russia and North Korea", said Professor Tetsuro Kato, political science expert at Tokyo's Waseda University.

But analysts cautioned that expectations would stay low for now.

"Japan has never played an active role in Middle Eastern problems," Prof Kato told AFP. "I don't expect much in the way of results."

Mr Bosack said it would be "unrealistic" to expect quick outcomes from the visit.

"Right now, the focus is mitigating military conflict, which means Abe can employ shuttle diplomacy to keep communication going," he said. "That shuttle diplomacy alone may be enough to de-escalate tensions."