Kim holds high-level military meeting as nuclear test looms

North Korea carried out nuclear test shortly after similar gathering of leaders in 2013

SEOUL • North Korean leader Kim Jong Un for the first time in a year convened a top-level meeting of the country's military that could set the stage for his first nuclear test since 2017, as international attention is diverted to the war in Ukraine.

Mr Kim presided over a Central Military Commission that will look at policies for "the crucial and urgent tasks to build up national defence", the official Korean Central News Agency reported yesterday. It is the first time the commission of military leaders has met at this level since June last year and the gathering is expected to take several days, NK News reported.

A top task will be looking at a road map for weapons development that Mr Kim laid out just before US President Joe Biden took office in January last year. The plan called for building up forces to launch tactical nuclear strikes on US allies Japan and South Korea, while enhancing Pyongyang's capability to hit the American mainland with nuclear weapons.

One of the key elements of that strategy is testing miniaturised nuclear warheads to fit on a new generation of solid-fuel missiles Mr Kim has rolled out over the past few years, as well as larger warheads that would be mounted on intercontinental ballistic missiles.

"It's expected that North Korea's seventh nuclear test would be carried out soon after this meeting," said Dr Cheong Seong-chang, director of the Centre for North Korean Studies at the Sejong Institute think-tank in South Korea.

Mr Kim carried out a nuclear test shortly after a similar meeting in 2013, Dr Cheong said, adding that state media photos showing a smiling Mr Kim sitting with his top generals indicate that the North Korean leader is pleased with progress in the development of nuclear-capable missiles.

So far this year, Mr Kim has fired off more ballistic missiles than in any other year of his decade in power. He has tested rockets designed to evade US-operated interceptors, which increase the threat of a credible nuclear strike against the US and its allies in Asia.

Satellite imagery of the Punggye-ri Nuclear Test Facility, where all six nuclear tests were conducted, indicated that refurbishment work and preparations at Tunnel No. 3 are complete and ready for another blast, the Beyond Parallel website said last week.

South Korean Foreign Minister Park Jin, speaking a week ago after meeting US Secretary of State Antony Blinken in Washington, said: "North Korea has now finished the preparation for another nuclear test, and I think only political decision has to be made."

Any display of the weapons in Mr Kim's nuclear arsenal would serve as a reminder of the pressing security problems posed by Pyongyang that have simmered as Mr Biden's administration has been focused on Russia's invasion of Ukraine.

The US push to isolate Russia over President Vladimir Putin's war in Ukraine, coupled with increasing animosity towards China, has allowed Mr Kim to strengthen his nuclear deterrent without fear of facing more sanctions at the United Nations Security Council.

The US has pledged a "swift and forceful response" to a North Korean test. But there is almost no chance Russia or China, which have veto power on the council, would support any measures against North Korea, as they did in 2017 following a series of weapons tests that prompted Mr Trump to warn of "fire and fury". The two countries last month vetoed a UN Security Council resolution drafted by the US to ratchet up sanctions on North Korea for its ballistic missile tests this year.

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A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Straits Times on June 23, 2022, with the headline Kim holds high-level military meeting as nuclear test looms. Subscribe