TOKYO – The Japanese government has been found to have inflated the number of disabled people under its employment by 3,460 to meet a legal quota, in a damning probe released Tuesday (Aug 28) that has stoked domestic furor.
The data padding had been done at 27 out of 33 government entities, the labour ministry said.
It added that the government’s employment ratio of those with disabilities stood at 1.19 per cent in June last year – way below the earlier reported 2.49 per cent, and under the legal threshold at the time of 2.3 per cent.
It was based on these cooked figures that the labour ministry previously recognised that 32 out of the 33 entities had met the 2.3 per cent requirement, which was raised to 2.5 per cent in April this year.
It now turns out that only six entities had met the 2.3 per cent threshold.
At 17 other entities, including the National Tax Agency and the justice, transport and foreign ministries, the ratio fell below 1 per cent after the recount.
Health and labour minister Katsunobu Kato told a news conference on Tuesday that thousands have been wrongly counted to be “disabled” – including in some cases, staff with diabetes.
“We will make all efforts to meet the legal requirement by this year,” he said, adding that those who were wrongly classified as disabled will keep their jobs. “But if that becomes difficult, we will draft a plan to achieve the goal next year, as the law requires us to do.”
The probe did not conclusively find if the doctoring was done deliberately, or had been due to the lack of understanding of the rules by human resource personnel. To be seen as disabled, one must hold a disability certificate or a medical rehabilitation handbook.
But domestic media have cited government sources as saying that this data manipulation could have been a systemic problem dating back 42 years to 1976, which was when Japan first instated the legal threshold in its push towards an inclusive society.
This could have then been perpetuated by Japan’s notorious culture of long working hours, which made it difficult to hire more people with disabilities.
Calling the situation “totally inexcusable”, top government spokesman Yoshihide Suga said: “We deeply apologise for something that should not have happened to the government, which has a responsibility to secure employment for people with disabilities.”
The scandal could yet worsen as similar cases have been reported at the local and municipal government level. A tally by public broadcaster NHK has shown that as many as 34 out of Japan’s 47 prefectures could have overstated the numbers of disabled in their employment.
The labour ministry probe was first prompted when it received inquiries in April this year – from the ministries themselves – on how to calculate the employment rates of disabled people for the data that is tabulated and released every June.
There has already been pushback from the private sector, with some companies calling out the government for its “double standards” and asking for those culpable to be punished, NHK reported.
The government had taken a hard line against firms that fail to meet the private sector threshold of 2.2 per cent by meting heavy fines and naming and shaming companies.
Internal affairs minister Seiko Noda, whose son has disabilities, said earlier this month that she was “extremely shocked” to find out that the data manipulation was happening on such a wide scale – including at her ministry.
The non-profit Japan Council on Disability also said in a statement on its website that the scandal has caused an “immeasurable shockwave” for the inherent prejudice against impaired people. “This implies that, deep down, the government is hoping not to hire disabled workers,” said the council’s chief Katsunori Fujii.
Sociologist Emi Kataoka of Tokyo’s Komazawa University told The Straits Times that the scandal only goes to show how far Japan is from being truly inclusive, and will further “detract from people’s confidence in the public social system”.
The controversy takes place two years before the country is set to welcome disabled athletes for the 2020 Tokyo Paralympic Games.
Mr Yasushi Yamawaki, vice-president of the Games’ organising committee, told a news conference last week in response to a question by The Straits Times: “The scandal requires a very stringent investigation and consideration as to its causes.
“But for the legacy of the Games, the direction of inclusivity, unity and diversity will be more strongly emphasised – regardless of this scandal that has hit the government.”