Hong Kong jockeys to be Asia's top fintech hub

Hong Kong-based fintech investment more than doubled last year to nearly US$546 million (S$743 million), eclipsing Singapore's US$229 million.
Hong Kong-based fintech investment more than doubled last year to nearly US$546 million (S$743 million), eclipsing Singapore's US$229 million.PHOTO: AFP

BEIJING - Hong Kong is investing heavily as it strives to become Asia's leading fintech hub, and has positioned itself as the conduit between China's tech giants and the rest of the world.

The territory sees its strong laws and financial regulations as an advantage, even as mainland cities like Shenzhen are vying hard to attract the same investment, according to its investment promotion agency InvestHK.

Among the preferential policies Hong Kong has put in place this year is a HK$500 million (S$87 million) fund to develop financial services over the next half-decade, including in fintech, which combines finance with technologies such as blockchain and cryptocurrencies.

Hong Kong-based fintech investment more than doubled last year to nearly US$546 million (S$743 million), eclipsing Singapore's US$229 million.

Mr Charles d'Haussy, who heads the fintech division of InvestHK, said at a forum on Monday (July 30) that the growth of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau bay area also provides an "excellent use-case" for cross-border financing that will power China's Belt and Road projects, another area where Hong Kong is competing keenly with Singapore.

"Between Hong Kong, the mainland with Shenzhen and Guangdong cities, as well as Macau, you end up with three different jurisdictions," he said. "It's a valuable exercise for all of us (on) how to move things forward in the Belt and Road Initiative."

Entrepreneurs from both sides of the border also spoke about the benefits of deeper fintech cooperation.

Hong Kong entrepreneur Tim Lee said when he moved to China a decade ago, the prevailing mantra was to copy US technologies.

"But in this era of mobile payments, the front runner is China... and we have arrived at 'copy from China'," he said.

In 2016, Mr Lee's firm QFPay processed less than HK$1 million of payments in six months. Today, it handles HK$600 million worth of transactions in a single month.

Experts said Chinese fintech giants, having dominated the home market, are now looking to expand globally. These include Alibaba spin-off Ant Financial Services Group, which in June raised US$14 billion, the world's largest-ever single fundraising round by a private firm.

"We are seeing them making moves, particularly in South-east Asia where a large population and similar cultural dynamics make for compelling growth opportunities," said KPMG Singapore's head of financial services advisory Tek Yew Chia.

For the Chinese firms, Hong Kong is a "polishing place", said Mr Lee. "Hong Kong's regulatory, language and product requirements help you polish your products and get them ready for overseas markets," he added.

Serial entrepreneur Sun Jiangtao agreed. "When I list in Hong Kong, I don't have to pass a single penny under the table and just have to follow the public regulations," he said. "The advantage of the rule of law is very obvious to me."

Although figures from consulting firm Accenture showed investments in Hong Kong-based fintech firms fell sharply in the first half of this year even as they continue to grow in China, Mr d'Haussy said more Chinese firms are recognising Hong Kong's value proposition.

"When you speak to the CEOs, CFOs, chairs, and members of the board of the big companies... they want to have clarity about regulations in finance," he said. "That's what Hong Kong is offering."


Correction note: This article has been edited for clarity.