HONG KONG (BLOOMBERG) - Hong Kong developer stocks reversed earlier gains after Chief Executive Carrie Lam's maiden policy speech did not spell out proposals to boost land supply or detail a highly anticipated plan to convert farm land into homes in the world's least-affordable housing market.
Meeting the public's housing needs remains the "top priority" for Hong Kong, Lam said in her first speech after taking the city's top job in July. She said details of a plan to introduce "starter homes" for first-time home buyers will be unveiled in mid-2018.
"It now appears that the land supply for 'Starter Homes' will have to come from sites already owned by private developers or to be bought from the government," Lam said on Wednesday (Oct 11).
Shares of New World Development Co, which surged as much as 6.2 per cent before Lam's speech, fell 1.2 per cent in Hong Kong. Sun Hung Kai Properties fell 0.9 per cent after earlier rising as much as 1.5 per cent, while the Hang Seng Property Index also declined 0.9 per cent.
"The market expected Carrie Lam to say 'let's have more cooperation with developers to create more land supply,'" said Raymond Cheng, director of Hong Kong and China property research at CIMB Securities. "Her not mentioning the agricultural land scheme disappointed and that is why shares are down."
Investors had expected Lam to speed up the conversion of farm land for residential developments. Lam vowed in her campaign to tackle the high cost of housing, seen as one of the major sources of unrest in the city of 7.1 million. A University of Hong Kong poll released on Oct 10 found 94 per cent of people identified housing as the most important issue for the chief executive to address.
Unlocking idle agricultural land for residential use would be a boon for property developers, who have found the system of approvals unsatisfactory. "It establishes a way to monetise this land bank in a more predictable way, which would be a positive thing for the developers," said David Ng, a property analyst at Macquarie Group.
Lam said the government will launch a pilot scheme of 1,000 starter homes built on private land, reserved for mid-income, first-time buyers by the end of next year, with details to be revealed in mid-2018. To qualify for the programme, buyers' monthly income cannot exceed HK$34,000 (S$5,908) for individuals and HK$68,000 for households.
"The government will strive to build a housing ladder to rekindle the hopes of families in different income brackets to become home-owners," she said.
The property proposal was among several in Lam's policy address that sought to ease social tensions. Lam was elected in March, pledging to bring unity to Hong Kong and tackle burning issues from inequality to innovation.