China to create new forests covering area as big as that of Ireland

China's head of the State Forestry Administration said the country aims to grow at least 6.66 million hectares of new forest this year.
China's head of the State Forestry Administration said the country aims to grow at least 6.66 million hectares of new forest this year.PHOTO: LIJIANG

SHANGHAI (REUTERS) - China will plant new forests covering an area roughly the size of Ireland this year (2018) as it aims to increase forest coverage to 23 per cent of its total landmass by the end of the decade.

Planting trees has become a key part of China's efforts to improve its environment and tackle climate change, and the government has pledged to raise total coverage from 21.7 per cent to 23 per cent over the 2016-2020 period, the China Daily reported on Friday (Jan 5), citing the country's top forestry official.

Mr Zhang Jianlong, head of the State Forestry Administration, said at a meeting on Thursday that China would aim to grow at least 6.66 million hectares of new forest this year.

He said 33.8 million hectares of forest had been planted nationwide over the last five years, with a total investment of more than 538 billion yuan (S$110 billion), bringing the country's total forest area to 208 million hectares.

Three new state forests with a total area of 483,000 hectares would also be built in the new Xiongan development zone in Hebei province, he said.

The heavily polluted Hebei, which surrounds the capital Beijing, has also pledged to raise total forest coverage to 35 per cent by the end of 2020.

China, which has to feed a quarter of the global population using just 7 per cent of the world's arable land, has long struggled to strike a balance between industrial growth, maximising food production and protecting its environment.

The government is currently promoting an "ecological red line" programme which will force provinces and regions to restrict "irrational development" and curb construction near rivers, forests and national parks.

The environment ministry said last month (December) that 15 provinces had already drawn up plans, with the remaining 16 aiming to do so this year, but it is not yet clear what impact the policy will have on the country's farmland.