SHANGHAI (REUTERS) - China is stepping up scrutiny of inbound foreigners and tightening border control after the number of single-day imported coronavirus cases set a record, helping double the daily number of newly detected infections.
New confirmed cases in mainland China reached 99 on Saturday (April 11) from 46 the previous day, with all but two involving travellers from abroad. In commercial hub Shanghai, 51 Chinese nationals who flew in on the same flight from Russia tested positive.
"The risk of imported cases has increased dramatically," Mr Wen Guohui, mayor of Guangzhou, an economic hub in Southern China, told a news conference on Sunday.
Guangzhou is enforcing anti-virus measures on anyone who enters the city from across the national border, regardless of nationality, race or gender, foreign affairs official Liu Baochun said at the same event.
"We hope foreigners can strictly abide by anti-virus rules as Chinese do," he said.
In the north-eastern province of Heilongjiang, which reported 21 new, Russia-imported cases on Saturday, the local government said its Suifenhe border with Russia will remain closed after Monday. The border was temporarily closed last Thursday to contain the epidemic, and was scheduled to open next week.
The city's authorities said it was strengthening border controls as part of measures to prevent imported cases. It would also step up controls on traffic and enforce strict quarantine measures, they said in a statement. The city has banned all types of gatherings and drawn up a list of businesses that must be suspended from operations.
Heilongjiang's capital city of Harbin will implement a 28-day quarantine measure for all arrivals from abroad, its government said in a statement posted online on Sunday.
People entering Harbin will be held at a quarantine centre for 14 days at first, followed by another 14 days at home, it added. They will be subjected to two nucleic acid tests and an antibody test. The government will also lock down for 14 days residential units in which confirmed and asymptomatic coronavirus cases are found, it added.
Even Wuhan, the first virus epicentre which this month emerged from lockdown after containing the virus, is vulnerable to imported infection, China's senior medical adviser Zhong Nanshan said.
"At the moment, the epidemic is still spreading rapidly overseas, so China's coastal, major cities with close international contact are highly vulnerable, and could see the epidemic come back again," Dr Zhong told the official People's Daily newspaper in an interview published on Sunday.
Dr Zhong cautioned with the world's virus epicentre shifting from Europe to the United States, it is too early to judge whether the pandemic's peak is imminent.
"It's not yet time to take off masks," he said, adding China's enforcement of anti-virus measures offers experience to other countries seeking to contain the disease.
Imported from Russia
Mainland China reported 99 new coronavirus cases on Saturday, more than doubling from the previous day to reach a one-month high, showed data from China's National Health Commission. Just two out of the 99 cases were locally transmitted.
Shanghai contributed more than half of the imported cases.
Of the city's new cases, 51 flew in on the same flight from Russia on Friday. The 52nd case involved a Chinese national arriving from a trip to Canada.
Shanghai authorities have quarantined 92 other passengers who were in close contact with the infected, the city's health commission said on Sunday.
The 21 imported cases confirmed on Saturday in China's Heilongjiang province all involved Chinese nationals travelling from Russia.
To help Russia combat the virus, a group of Chinese medical experts arrived in Moscow on Saturday along with a batch of anti-virus equipment, the official Xinhua News Agency reported on Sunday.
In addition, highlighting another major source of risk, newly reported asymptomatic coronavirus cases nearly doubled to 63 on Saturday, from 34 the previous day.
The country's tally of infections now stands at 82,052, with 3,339 deaths.
In an apparent response to criticism of mistreatment of foreigners, officials in Guangzhou said it treats foreigners and Chinese nationals equally in enforcing anti-virus measures.
Several African countries have demanded that China tackle concerns that Africans in Guangzhou are being mistreated and harassed amid fear the virus could spread from imported cases.
"The anti-virus curbs apply to all Chinese citizens and foreigners, with no discrimination in enforcement", Mr Cai Wei, an officer of the city's public security bureau, told a news conference.
He said foreigners and nationals alike must abide by rules or else face punishment.
Last week, Guangzhou's US consulate said local government officials had ordered bars and restaurants not to serve clients who appeared to be of African origin.
Those in contact with anyone from Africa faced mandatory virus tests followed by quarantine, regardless of recent travel history or previous isolation, the US consulate said in a statement, advising African-Americans or those who feared being targeted to stay away.