SYDNEY (AFP) - Australia is setting up a billion-dollar fund to "future proof" the country against droughts, Prime Minister Scott Morrison said on Friday (Oct 26), as farmers struggle with a "big dry" forecast set to continue for months.
Eastern Australia has been hit by a crippling drought - in some areas for several years - that has forced graziers to hand-feed their stock, sell them or even shoot them dead to stay afloat.
The unfolding crisis has sparked a raft of support measures from the government, including A$1.8 billion (S$1.75 billion) in financial aid for farmers and local communities launched in August.
Mr Morrison said a new fund with a kitty of A$3.9 billion would be established to pay for drought resilience and water projects in the coming decade.
"(It) means we better future-proof against drought over the next 10 years and beyond," Mr Morrison told commercial broadcaster Channel Nine ahead of a summit with agricultural leaders to discuss the drought.
"We are doing a lot to back the farmers in the rural communities. Focusing on relief, but also on recovery, (to) build resilience into the future."
The government's Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics (ABARES) said at the summit that the drought, while severe, covered a smaller area compared to a previous extreme dry in 2002-03.
But the bureau added that in the east, home to important areas for livestock and crops, rainfall was 40 per cent lower than the 20-year average.
Even so, farm incomes were less likely to plunge as significantly as in previous drought periods amid "more favourable economic circumstances and other factors", such as improved productivity, ABARES said.
The drought, coupled with damaging frost in some areas, is set to produce the smallest winter grain crop in 10 years, according to a forecast from Rabobank, a specialist agribusiness bank.
"The 2018/19 winter crop will go down as one of the worst in eastern Australia's history," it said in a report this week.
The Bureau of Meteorology, meanwhile, forecast that the next three months would be drier and warmer than average, meaning "a low chance of recovery for drought-affected areas of eastern Australia".
Farmers have received some rain relief over the past month, but experts say the wet spell is not enough to break the drought after the extended dry period.
Bureau of Meteorology senior climatologist Blair Trewin told national broadcaster ABC the heaviest rain mostly fell in places less severely affected by the drought.