SYDNEY (REUTERS) - Last year, when much of the world was in coronavirus lockdown, Australia was successfully hosting international cricket matches and tennis tournaments in front of packed crowds in a show of what post-pandemic life could look like.
But in recent weeks, new virus outbreaks, a chaotic Covid-19 vaccine roll-out and a tightening of already strict curbs on international travel have rapidly reversed those fortunes.
As crowds in London watch Wimbledon and the Euro Cup football finals, Australians confront new disappointments, with the Melbourne Formula 1 Grand Prix cancelled and holiday plans scuppered.
Unlike last year, business and consumer tolerance for the restrictions and uncertainty is quickly evaporating as Australians witness other countries reopen.
"We are one of only two countries in the world where the citizens aren't allowed to leave the country, and the other is North Korea, which is not one I'd want to be held up against," said Mr Rodger Powell, managing director at consultancy Tourism and Hospitality Services Australasia.
"There's an increasing groundswell of dissatisfaction and frustration with not being able to travel, with the complete lack of certainty," Mr Powell said.
Consumers, flush with cash, have been forced to cancel holidays within their own country as states shut their borders in response to even minor outbreaks.
Anger is growing around the lack of clarity on when Australia will allow international tourism and migration to resume. Companies regularly complain of labour shortages and universities are crying for international students to return.
The country's economy reopened earlier than expected in 2020 after curbing the virus. There are more jobs now than before the pandemic, house prices are hitting record highs and the construction sector is booming.
Borders, however, remained shut and this week, Australia's central bank governor, Mr Philip Lowe, cited recurrent lockdowns as a key uncertainty for policymaking.
"The closure of the borders and the slow roll-out of the vaccine is affecting people at a very personal level," Mr Lowe said. "It's also affecting businesses… but I do think we also need to remember that we will get through this and we need to be patient."
The central bank concedes it will likely lag global peers in returning to pre-pandemic policy, with only about 9 per cent of the country's population vaccinated so far.
Neighbouring New Zealand, which also shut its borders and enjoyed early economic success during the pandemic, has also only vaccinated a small percentage of its population so far.
Businesses in New Zealand struggling with staff shortages this week staged a "lights out" protest, calling for border restrictions to be eased to allow in much-needed workers.
Australian Open tournament organisers worry players will not be willing to go through two weeks of hard quarantine in their Melbourne hotel rooms ahead of next year's Grand Slam.
Sydney resident Nicole Miller, a retiree, was so excited about the resumption of cruise trips in Australia, she booked five when they reopened.
"And bit by bit they have just all been cancelled, which is really disappointing because I've been so looking forward to getting back to cruise ships and that lifestyle again," said Ms Miller, who is not yet vaccinated but said she would be before embarking on a cruise.
She says she would welcome the idea of cruises that allowed only vaccinated people onboard.
Her views are echoed by business owners who hope faster immunisation would return some freedom.
"I'm hoping the more we are vaccinated, the more it will allow us to be a little bit more liberal in our quarantine systems, our departure systems," said Mr Philip Koinis, Sydney-based director of Oxford Travel.