Two US nurses are declared cured of Ebola

Director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Anthony Fauci (third left) leaves with Nina Pham (forth left), the nurse who was infected with Ebola from treating patient Thomas Eric Duncan, as Director of the National Institute
Director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Anthony Fauci (third left) leaves with Nina Pham (forth left), the nurse who was infected with Ebola from treating patient Thomas Eric Duncan, as Director of the National Institutes of Health Francis Collins (left) looks on after a news briefing at National Institutes of Health Oct 24, 2014 in Bethesda, Maryland. -- PHOTO: AFP

WASHINGTON (AFP) - Two American nurses were declared cured of Ebola on Friday, and one was healthy enough to leave hospital and make plans to meet President Barack Obama.

The good news for the nurses, who contracted Ebola while caring for a Liberian patient in Texas, came as the city of New York was dealing with its first case of the deadly virus.

Ms Nina Pham smiled and appeared healthy, wearing a turquoise shirt and dark business suit at a news conference outside the National Institutes of Health Clinical Center in Bethesda, Maryland.

"I feel fortunate and blessed to be standing here today," Ms Pham told reporters, expressing her gratitude for those who prayed for her and cared for her while she was sick.

"I am on my way back to recovery even as I reflect on how many others have not been so fortunate."

Ms Pham was the first US healthcare worker to be infected with Ebola while working inside the United States, catching the disease from Liberian patient Thomas Eric Duncan, who was admitted to Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital Dallas on September 28.

Her colleague, nurse Amber Vinson, also came down with Ebola.

She, too, is clear of the virus but has not yet been released from Emory University Hospital in Atlanta, Georgia.

"Tests no longer detect virus in her blood," the hospital said, adding that she was "making good progress," but would stay in the serious communicable diseases unit for continued supportive care until further notice.

Ms Pham, 26, said her thoughts are with her friend, Ms Vinson, and another American doctor, Craig Spencer, who was diagnosed with Ebola in New York on Thursday after returning from Guinea.

She also thanked doctor Kent Brantly, an American missionary who was sickened with Ebola in Liberia over the summer and who donated his plasma to help her recovery. Ms Pham is scheduled to meet Mr Obama at the White House before returning to Texas.

She asked for privacy as she attempts to return to a normal life.

"Although I no longer have Ebola I know it may be a while before I have my strength back," Ms Pham said.

Ms Pham did not receive any experimental Ebola drugs while at the specialized research hospital in Bethesda, Maryland, said Anthony Fauci, head of the National Institute for Allergy and Infectious Diseases.

Ms Pham's Ebola diagnosis was announced October 12, followed by Ms Vinson's October 15. Pham was initially hospitalized in Dallas at the hospital where she worked, but was transferred to the National Institutes of Health Clinical Center for treatment on October 16.

Both had extensive contact with Mr Duncan, who traveled from his native Liberia to Texas to visit family last month before he fell ill and died of Ebola on October 8. Ms Pham and Ms Vinson worked in the intensive care unit, though it remains unknown exactly how they were infected.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said a "breach of protocol" was to blame, and has since issued stricter guidelines for donning protective gear when caring for Ebola patients.

Ebola is spread though close contact with the sweat, vomit, blood or other bodily fluids of an infected person.

Health care workers are at particular risk of contracting Ebola.

On Thursday, Dr Spencer was found to be infected with Ebola after treating patients in West Africa for the charity Doctors Without Borders.

A total of nine people with Ebola have been cared for in the United States, and all have survived except Mr Duncan.

More than 4,800 people have died of Ebola so far this year, mainly in Liberia, Guinea and Sierra Leone, according to the World Health Organization.

There is no drug on the market to treat Ebola, and no approved vaccine to prevent the often-deadly virus that first emerged in 1976.

The WHO said that Ebola vaccine trials could start in West Africa in December, with hundreds of thousands of doses potentially being rolled out by mid-2015.