SAN FRANCISCO • The San Francisco Museum of Modern Art reopens in mid-May after an ambitious US$305 million (S$413 million) expansion and facelift that aims to rival the world-class art spaces of New York, Paris and London.
The revamped museum will be unveiled on May 14 following a three-year upgrade entrusted to the Norwegian architecture firm Snohetta - best known for the dramatic new Alexandria Library in Egypt - that included more than doubling the exhibition space.
The brick structure that has housed the museum since 1995 in downtown San Francisco is now attached to a huge 10-floor "annexe". Outside, a wavy white facade made of more than 700 fibreglass- reinforced polymer panels seems to come alive as light bounces off at different angles.
Snohetta says the facade is meant to represent the waves in San Francisco Bay and the city's iconic fog banks.
At ground level, large glass windows invite pedestrians to enter and visit the massive steel artwork by Richard Serra titled Sequence, or the Untitled 8m-wide white mobile that hangs in the atrium above the central staircase.
"The signature material in this building is glass," said museum director Neal Benezra. "You know right away that we want you to come in. We're transparent, we're open and we're free at the first floor."
When the museum opened its doors in the 1990s, the neighbourhood was shabby and affordable. Today, the area has dramatically gentrified and become a symbol of the vast income disparity caused by the high-tech boom that began nearby in Silicon Valley.
The new museum, Mr Benezra stressed, "embraces the community" it is rooted in.
The expansion more than doubles the museum's galleries to 16,000 sq m and creates one of the largest modern art spaces in the United States.
There is extraordinary work by key 20th-century artists, from Diego Rivera to Henri Matisse, Alfred Stieglitz to Andy Warhol, and career surveys of individual artists, including what is touted as a one-of-a-kind collection by the painter and abstract sculptor Ellsworth Kelly. Its new Pritzker Center for Photography, which takes up almost an entire floor, is billed as the largest in the country.
The expansion was primarily designed to accommodate the huge private art collection of Doris and Donald Fisher, founders of the Gap clothing store chain.
Their son Robert Fisher describes his parents' art collection as "a hobby turned into obsession". He said his parents had two simple rules in acquiring works of art: "They had to both love the work and they had to be able to afford it."
Starting in the 1970s, the Fishers collected 1,100 works by 185 artists, first quietly and then on display in two galleries at the Gap head- quarters in San Francisco.
After looking into building a private museum, they decided in 2009 to hand their collection over to the San Francisco art museum in a 100-year trust.
The museum will display part of the collection on several floors, with several thematic exhibits focused on pop-art icons such as Warhol and Roy Lichtenstein, as well as artists who emerged in post-war Germany such as Anselm Kiefer and Gerhard Richter.
Mr Robert Fisher believes that a Richter painting, Zwei Kerzen (Two Candles), best symbolises the love of his parents.
"It usually hung over the fireplace in our home in San Francisco," he said.
Each summer, "they would take the painting with them" wrapped in a blanket in the family station wagon to their summer home, where Mr Fisher's father would hang it "up over the television set".
Aside from the Fisher collection, the museum has enriched its own reserves, thanks to a campaign starting in 2009 to convince wealthy collectors to entrust it with some of their artworks.
More than 3,000 pieces have been promised, including works of Francis Bacon, Alberto Giacometti, Yves Klein and Jackson Pollock. Six hundred of these will be on exhibit for the reopening.