Most births in China this year add a second child to the family

People push baby carriages outside the Ritan Park in Beijing.
People push baby carriages outside the Ritan Park in Beijing. PHOTO: EPA

BEIJING (CHINA DAILY/ASIA NEWS NETWORK) - More than half the births in China during the first five months of 2017 involved a second child - or even additional ones - more than a year after the universal second-child policy was introduced in January 2016, according to China's top health authority.

The number of births at Chinese hospitals between January and May was 7.4 million, an increase of 7.8 per cent over the same period last year, Mr Wang Pei'an, vice-minister of the National Health and Family Planning Commission, said at an annual meeting of the China Population Association held in Kunming, Yunnan province.

Of all births in the first five months, 57.7 per cent were at least the second child of their parents, an increase of 8.5 percentage points over the same period last year, he said.

The total number of births at hospitals in China last year was about 18.5 million, the highest level since 2000, according to the commission. More than 99 per cent of births in China take place in hospitals.

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The universal second-child policy has produced good results and the number of babies born has been increasing significantly despite a drop in the number of women of fertile age, Mr Wang said.

Over the past year, health authorities have been improving measures to support the policy and establish a social environment that encourages childbirth, he said.

With an increasing number of pregnancies, China faces some health challenges in the next few years: for example, a significant number of the mothers are above 35 years old, according to health officials and doctors.

The number of pregnant women over age 35 is expected to remain at about 3 million through 2020.

"Surveys show that many couples from the generation born in the 1970s, who were hesitant about having a second child during the initial period when the universal second-child policy was adopted, are now hurrying to give birth to a second child so they won't miss that last chance," Mr Ma Xiaowei, another vice-minister of the commission.

In Guilin, in the Guangxi Zhuang autonomous region, more than 28 per cent of women who gave birth last year were at higher risk in pregnancy and childbirth, according to a report in Guilin Evening News on Friday. One factor was age.

At Guilin Women and Children's Hospital, doctors saved 140 pregnant women in critical condition in the first half of the year. The oldest pregnant woman treated so far this year was 56, the report said.

China introduced its family planning policy in the late 1970s to check its soaring population by limiting most urban couples to one child. Couples in rural areas could have a second child if the first one was a girl and, in some ethnic regions, couples in rural areas could have more than two children.

A major policy change at the end of 2013 allowed couples nationwide to have a second child if either parent was an only child. That limitation was lifted last year.