5 quick facts about the Large Hadron Collider

SINGAPORE - Collider, the award-winning exhibition by the London Science Museum, opens at the ArtScience Museum on Saturday (Nov 14), where it will give visitors a closer look at the continuing work on the world’s largest machine.  

Here are some quick facts about the Large Hadron Collider.

1. The Large Hadron Collider is the largest, most sophisticated and most powerful scientific device ever made. It is being used by thousands of scientists and engineers around the world to learn more about the tiny building blocks that make up our Universe and the laws that govern their behaviour.

2. The precise circumference of the LHC accelerator is 26,659m (almost the same length as London Underground's Circle Line), with a total of 9,300 magnets inside.

 

3. When in operation, trillions of protons race around the LHC accelerator ring 11,245 times a second, travelling at 99.9999991% the speed of light. Altogether, some 600 million collisions take place every second.

4. When two beams of lead ions collide, they generate temperatures more than 100,000 times hotter than the heart of the Sun.

5. By contrast, the "cryogenic distribution system", which circulates superfluid helium around the accelerator ring, keeps the LHC at a super cool temperature of -271.3°C (1.9 K), which is even colder than outer space.


The award-winning exhibition by the London Science Museum, Collider. ST PHOTO: SHERWIN LOH


The award-winning exhibition by the London Science Museum, Collider. ST PHOTO: SHERWIN LOH