Japan business mood sinks on China worry, weak demand: Reuters Tankan

People cross a street in the Ginza shopping district of Tokyo, Japan.
People cross a street in the Ginza shopping district of Tokyo, Japan. PHOTO: REUTERS

TOKYO (REUTERS) - Japanese manufacturers'confidence slumped the most in a year in September to an eight-month low and is forecast to worsen further as fears of a China-led global economic slowdown grow, a Reuters poll showed.

Domestic demand also looks increasingly fragile as service companies reporting the weakest sentiment since March and predicted further deterioration in the coming three months.

The Reuters Tankan - which closely tracks the Bank of Japan's quarterly tankan survey - gave the latest glimpse of corporate morale after China's stock market rout last month.

The loss of confidence added to a recent run of soft indicators, keeping policymakers under pressure to offer fresh stimulus to rev up growth in the world's third largest economy.

The monthly poll of 516 big and midsize companies between Aug. 31 and Sept. 11, of which 266 responded, cast doubt about the BOJ's economic optimism just as the central bank wraps up a policy review on Tuesday. BOJ policymakers are in no mood to expand monetary stimulus this week, sources say.

"China's slowdown is affecting our business," an executive at a transport equipment maker said in the survey, which companies answer anonymously. A chemicals producer said, "Business conditions are on track, but we cannot describe the situation as good because of concerns about China's slowdown."

Boding ill for private consumption, which accounts for about 60 per cent of the economy, the survey showed retailers are struggling to lure customers.

"The number of shoppers has slightly declined on the existing-store basis. We need to cut down on costs as personnel expenses rise," said one retailer. Another said: "Sales are better than last year but they have not returned to levels seen before the sales tax hike" of April 2014.

The Reuters Tankan sentiment index for manufacturers fell to 9 in September from 17 in August, matching January's low and sliding the most since a year ago when the economy was in a recession caused by that tax hike.

The index is seen worsening further to 7 in December.

Compared with June, the manufacturers' index fell by five points, suggesting that the BOJ's quarterly tankan due Oct. 1 may show deterioration in big manufacturers' sentiment.

The service-sector index fell to 23 from 27 in August, the lowest since March, and it is seen slipping to 22 in December.

The index stood 13 points lower than a record high of 36 in June, pointing to worsening in the BOJ tankan, compared to the upbeat readings in the last central bank survey.