MARAWI, Philippines (AFP) - One of America's most wanted terrorists may have escaped a five-week battle with Islamist militants in a southern Philippine city, which began with a raid to capture him, the military said on Saturday (June 24).
Isnilon Hapilon, a veteran Filipino militant said to be the leader of the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS) group in South-east Asia, has not been seen in the battle zone in Marawi City, said Lieutenant General Carlito Galvez, head of the military's Western Mindanao Command.
An attempt by government troops to arrest Hapilon in Marawi on May 23 triggered a rampage by Islamist militants flying black ISIS flags who seized parts of the mainly Muslim city.
Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte declared martial law in Marawi and the entire southern region of Mindanao, unleashing an offensive to crush what he said was an attempt by the militant group to establish a province in the area.
"He (Hapilon) has not been seen in the area. We have some reports that he was already able to slip somewhere but as of now we are still confirming the reports," Galvez said in an interview with DZBB radio station.
Asked if Hapilon was on the run, he said: "Yes, yes because reportedly he suffered a lot of casualties. Majority of his group, more than half, were casualties."
Hapilon was indicted in Washington for his involvement in the 2001 kidnapping of three Americans in the Philippines, and has a US$5-million (S$6.9-million) bounty on his head from the US government, which has his name on its "most wanted" terror list.
He leads a faction of the Philippine militant group Abu Sayyaf that has pledged allegiance to ISIS.
Security analysts say he has been recognised by ISIS as its "amir", or leader, in South-east Asia, a region where the group wants to establish a caliphate.
The military says Hapilon's group had joined forces with another armed militancy, the Maute Group, to launch the Marawi siege, now on its second month.
On Saturday, security forces continued intense air raids and artillery fire on pockets of Marawi still occupied by the militants, while troops fought house-to-house gunbattles on the ground.
"The operation is going on, the firefights are intense. We have gained substantial ground," said Galvez, the military commander.
Nearly 300 militants and 67 government troops have been killed in the fighting, according to official figures.
Galvez said there are "strong indications" that two or three of the Maute brothers - among the key players in the siege - had been killed, including Omarkhayam Maute, believed to be the group's top leader.
Only one brother, Abdullah, has been visible in the fighting, Galvez added.
Press reports also quoted military chief General Eduardo Ano as saying that Malaysian Mahmud bin Ahmad, who helped lead and finance the Marawi siege, is believed to have been killed, although his body has not been retrieved.
When asked about Mahmud's reported death, Malaysia's Inspector General of Police Khalid Abu Bakar told AFP in a text message in Kuala Lumpur: "Not true. He is still alive."