World leaders will hold closed-door climate meet at UN

The UN is asking countries to strengthen their commitments to reach net zero emissions by 2050.
The UN is asking countries to strengthen their commitments to reach net zero emissions by 2050.PHOTO: REUTERS

UNITED NATIONS (AFP) - United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres and British Prime Minister Boris Johnson will host a closed-door meeting of world leaders at the sidelines of the General Assembly in New York on Monday (Sept 20) to boost climate commitments.

The round-table comes less than six weeks before a major UN climate meeting, COP26, in Glasgow, aimed at ensuring the world meets its goal of holding century-end warming to 1.5 deg C.

"UNGA is the last big moment in the international calendar ahead of COP26," said Britain's ambassador to the UN Barbara Woodward in a statement. "Climate change will be the UK's top priority."

A senior UN official said on Wednesday that over the past two years, leaders had conducted climate discussions at the Group of Seven and Group of 20 (G-20), but there had not been a forum for leading economies to speak with the hardest-hit countries.

Asked why the meeting was closed-door, he said: "It's not intended in any fashion to be a meeting in the shadows", but a way to facilitate frank dialogue "rather than pre-prepared statements or reverting to established positions".

The meeting will include leaders from the G-20, as well as developing and small island nations, and will be partly in-person, partly virtual.

It is not yet known who or how many will attend, including, crucially, whether the leaders of the world's top two polluters - Chinese President Xi Jinping and his US counterpart Joe Biden - will take part.

Guterres has laid out three climate priorities. First, the UN is asking countries to strengthen their commitments to reach net zero emissions by 2050 under the 2015 Paris agreement.

Second, it wants developed countries to fulfill a promise to raise a US$100 billion (S$136 billion) climate action fund.

Third, it wants a "significant breakthrough" on financing for adaptation projects for hard-hit nations, to protect them against events such as droughts, floods and sea-level rise. The UN wants adaptation finance to account for 50 per cent of all climate finance.

The meeting comes as a new report by the World Resources Institute and Climate Analytic published on Thursday showed that the world is on a trajectory to warm by 2.1 deg C by the end of the century under countries' current reduction commitments.

But if G-20 countries, accounting for 75 per cent of global greenhouse emissions, set ambitious goals, global temperature rise at the end of the century could be limited to 1.7 deg C, the report said.

Last month, the UN's Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change said the Earth's average global temperature will reach 1.5 deg C above pre-industrial levels around 2030, a decade earlier than projected three years ago.

With only 1.1 deg C of warming so far, an unbroken cascade of deadly weather disasters bulked up by climate change swept the world this summer, from asphalt-melting heatwaves in Canada to rainstorms turning China's city streets into rivers.

This month, record-breaking rainfall from Hurricane Ida devastated New York and New Jersey, killing almost 50 people.