(REUTERS) - Wal-Mart Stores Inc has sued a major grocery workers union and others who have protested at its Florida stores, the latest salvo in its legal fight to stop "disruptive" rallies in and around its stores by groups seeking better pay and working conditions.
Wal-Mart does not have union-represented workers in its United States stores.
Nevertheless, it has long faced opposition from various labour groups including the United Food and Commercial Workers International Union (UFCW), and from a small but vocal group of current and former employees belonging to a union subsidiary known as OUR Walmart.
The lawsuit filed on Friday in Orange County, Florida state court seeks "to help protect our customers and associates from further disruptive tactics associated with their continued, illegal trespassing," Wal-Mart spokesman Dan Fogleman said.
While Wal-Mart described the lawsuit as a fight over property rights, defendants accused the world's biggest retailer of trying to muzzle its critics.
"This is another attempt on Wal-Mart's behalf of ... silencing their employees and also the communities that support them," Mr Denise Diaz, executive director of Central Florida Jobs With Justice Corp and a defendant named in the suit, said before reviewing the documents.
"Rather than creating good jobs with steady hours and affordable healthcare, Walmart's pattern is to focus its energies on infringing on our freedom of speech," the Organisation United for Respect at Walmart (OUR Walmart), also a defendant, said in a statement.
Other defendants include the 1.3 million-member UFCW and the individuals Angela Williamson, Alex Rivera, and Alan Hanson.
The UFCW referred reporters to OUR Walmart for comment.
Wal-Mart alleged that the defendants violated Florida law through coordinated, statewide acts of trespass in several Walmart stores over the last eight months.
It has asked the court for a permanent injunction against such protest activities, which it said included everything from picketing to impromptu "flash mobs."
In the lawsuit Wal-Mart cited an example where a group of protesters projected a video promoting OUR Walmart on the side of a store in Orlando and passing out literature inside that store in July, 2012.
It alleged that a group of UFCW demonstrators returned to that same store on Oct 30, 2012 and "confronted the store manager and handed him a rotten pumpkin painted in support of OUR Walmart. The group left the store only after the manager warned that he had called the police."
No arrests were made, but Wal-Mart said local law enforcement issued at least 30 separate trespass warrants and that it had no choice but to pursue help from the courts.
Wal-Mart filed an unfair labour practice charge against the UFCW in November, asking the National Labour Relations Board to halt what the retailer said were unlawful attempts to disrupt its business in several states including protests that were planned for Black Friday, the busy shopping day right after Thanksgiving.
In January, labour groups said that they would stop much of their picketing against the chain, while still trying to push the company to improve working conditions.
Wal-Mart has not ruled out lawsuits in other states, spokesman Fogleman said.
The case is Wal-Mart Stores Inc v. United Food and Commercial Workers International Union et al, 9th Judicial Circuit Court of Florida, Orange County, No. 2013-CA-004293.