LOS ANGELES (REUTERS) - Air travellers experienced delays at some US airports on Monday as staff cuts at control towers took effect, but the widespread havoc and hour-long waits that regulators had predicted last week largely failed to materialie.
Instead, the US air system operated as it would if only a few bouts of bad weather had affected schedules.
Still, airlines predicted sizable disruption and hundreds of millions of dollars in lost revenue if delays happen as predicted and persist for a year. And travel groups said safety concerns and inconvenience could curb business travel.
The Federal Aviation Administration said on Monday that it was grappling with "staffing challenges" at air-traffic control facilities in New York, Dallas-Fort Worth, Los Angeles and Jacksonville, Florida. Controllers were spacing aircraft farther apart for takeoffs and landings, causing delays, the FAA said.
But late in the day, only 150 flights had been cancelled, a relatively small number, according to website Flightaware.com.
And although some travellers waited nearly two hours for flights, delays were much shorter on average.
For example, as of late afternoon New York time, flights to Charlotte Douglas International Airport were delayed an average of 22 minutes, the FAA's website showed. A flight delay of 15 minutes or less is considered on time, so a 22-minute delay is minimal by industry standards.
Flights to Florida were delayed earlier on Monday because of staffing cuts and weather, said Mr Mark Duell, vice president of operations at FlightAware.com, a flight tracking website.
"Staffing-related delays come and go," Mr Duell said. So far, "it's only a problem if there some other condition that's going on."
Delays at New York's major airports and in Denver were due staffing and other factors, Mr Duell said. By contrast, Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International, the nation's busiest airport, and Chicago's O'Hare, reported no significant delays, the FAA said.
The FAA furloughs, which started on Sunday, are intended to cut staffing by 10 percent to save US$200 million (S$247 million) of US$637 million the agency needs to pare from its budget. Of 47,000 employees facing furloughs, which are expected to last through September, nearly 13,000 are air traffic controllers.
New York's LaGuardia and John F. Kennedy airports and Los Angeles International Airport grappled with delays of up to an hour and a half on Sunday, when the furloughs began, Mr Duell said.
The FAA said there were 400 flight delays on Sunday related to the furloughs.
Despite the improvement on Monday, airlines and business advocacy groups continued to voice concern that staffing cuts would reduce corporate travel and hurt the economy.
Southwest Airlines said its estimated conservatively that furloughs would cost it US$200 million a year if implemented to the full extent the FAA has outlined.
The comment was contained in a motion filed on Friday by Airlines for America (A4A), a trade group of airlines. The group said it was still pressing in court for a 30-day delay of the staff cuts, after the court denied its request last week for an emergency stay of the furloughs.
American Airlines, also in an affidavit with the A4A motion, estimated furloughs would result in 582 daily flight delays and losses of US$1.77 million a day.
Delta Air Lines said it might have to cancel 152 flights a day, most on regional planes operated by connection carriers, losing an estimated US$575,000 a day in revenue.
Furloughs "will produce missed connections and widespread flight cancellations," the Global Business Travel Administration, a trade group, said in an open letter to FAA Administrator Michael Huerta that was distributed on Friday.
"If these disruptions unfold as predicted, business travelers will stay home."
Ms Jean Covelli, president of The Travel Team agency in Buffalo, New York, said many business customers are rethinking plans for trips now that the furloughs have started.
"There is grave concern about safety," she said. "Businesses are cancelling meetings. There's a whole domino effect that this is causing. I don't think it's going to get any better."
But on Monday, some major airlines said there were no flight cancellations due to the furloughs. Southwest Airlines said it expects "possible flight delays" from the staffing cuts but added it had no major problems with operations on Monday.
American Airlines reported no issues other than normal ground delays.
United Airlines said the nation's air space"functioned pretty well" during the day on Sunday. But "we saw alarming pockets of degradation due to FAA staffing in Los Angeles and LaGuardia both last night and this morning," spokeswoman Megan McCarthy said in a statement on Monday.
"We are concerned about how this is going to evolve and affect air travel reliability for our customers."