WASHINGTON - The Biden administration is considering a complete ban on Russian aluminium - long shielded from sanctions due to its importance in everything from automobiles and skyscrapers to iPhones - in response to Russia's military escalation in Ukraine.
The White House is eyeing three options: an outright ban, increasing tariffs to levels so punitive they would impose an effective ban, or sanctioning the company that produces the nation's metal, United Co Rusal International, according to people familiar with the decision-making.
Such a move would have wide-reaching repercussions for the globally traded aluminium market, potentially forcing consumers in the US and other countries into a rush to find replacement metal.
Russia is the world's second-largest producer after China of aluminium, which is crucial to most heavy industries.
In the US alone, Russian supplies traditionally account for some 10 per cent of total aluminium imports, with data showing Russia was the third-largest exporter to the US in August.
The ban is being considered in response to Russia's missile attacks on Kyiv and other Ukrainian cities this week that damaged key infrastructure and civilian sites.
The White House and Commerce Department did not immediately respond to requests for comment.
The administration at the beginning of the war held off sanctioning Russian aluminium, fearing it could disrupt global suppliers, people familiar with the matter said at the time.
But with the ongoing war now in its eighth month, there are fewer products left for the US and Ukraine's allies to ban in response to Russia's escalations. The discussion by the White House has been ongoing for weeks.
Rusal and other Russian companies have said a ban would destabilise metal markets around the globe.
The debate within the metals industry over how to address Russian supplies has intensified in recent weeks.
The London Metal Exchange, the largest industrial metals exchange in the world, last week launched a discussion paper to determine if the Russian metal should be banned from the bourse.
Alcoa, the largest US aluminium producer, last month sent a letter to the London Metal Exchange that it should not allow trading of the Russian metal, raising fears it could be dumped to suppress global prices.
The chief executive of Rio Tinto, the world's second largest mining company, last month also raised the alarm that unfettered flow of Russian aluminium into the US was making North American producers less competitive. BLOOMBERG