WASHINGTON (AFP) - The United States on Sunday (Jan 3) urged Middle East leaders to take measures to soothe tensions in the region after Saudi Arabia executed a Shi'ite cleric, provoking outrage from Iran.
The execution was followed by an attack on the Saudi Embassy in Teheran, prompting Riyadh to sever ties.
"We're aware that the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has ordered the closure of Iranian diplomatic missions in the kingdom," US State Department spokesman John Kirby said about the diplomatic rift. "We believe that diplomatic engagement and direct conversations remain essential in working through differences and we will continue to urge leaders across the region to take affirmative steps to calm tensions."
The diplomatic fallout come as Iran's supreme leader said Saudi Arabia would face "divine revenge" for Saturday's execution of Sheikh Nimr al-Nimr, and as Western nations voiced concern about escalating sectarian tensions between Sunnis and Shi'ite Muslims.
Nimr, 56, was a force behind 2011 anti-government protests in oil-rich eastern Saudi Arabia. He was put to death along with 46 other people - Shi'ite activists and convicted Sunni militants who the Saudi Interior Ministry says were involved in Al-Qaeda attacks that killed dozens in 2003 and 2004.
After his execution, a mob attacked the Saudi Embassy in Teheran and a consulate in second city Mashhad. The Saudi authorities said they had asked their Iranian officials to ensure security at the embassy, but Teheran failed to protect it.