WASHINGTON • The US Justice Department has told China’s Xinhua news agency and China Global Television Network (CGTN) that they must register under the Foreign Agents Registration Act, according to a person familiar with the matter.
The state-owned news agencies will be required to disclose information about their annual budget and expenditure, their ownership structure and other information under the Act, which mandates registration with the Justice Department by organisations and individuals that attempt to influence US policymakers or public opinion on behalf of foreign governments.
They also will have to include disclaimers on broadcasts and published materials identifying themselves as registered foreign agents, according to the person, who asked not to be identified in advance of a formal announcement.
The move, which was reported on Tuesday by the Wall Street Journal, echoes requirements imposed on Russian outlets in the wake of Russian meddling in the 2016 US presidential election.
Several US contractors working with RT and Sputnik Radio were forced to register under the Act.
The Justice Department cited an intelligence community assessment in January last year on Russian efforts to interfere in the election that called the media outlets “the backbone of the Russian government’s propaganda apparatus”.
The Russian government retaliated by designating the US government- funded Voice of America, Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty and seven of their affiliates as foreign agents in December. The organisations had to disclose their sources of funding and other information.
Xinhua, CGTN and the Chinese embassy did not immediately respond to requests for comment.
Xinhua is the official state-run press agency of the People’s Republic of China, and one of the largest news organisations in the world. CGTN broadcasts in eight languages, including English.
The US has required foreign media controlled by governments to register in the past. The New York bureau of Tass, the former Soviet Union’s wire service, was registered until 1992.
The US distributors for three other Chinese media outlets – the China Daily of Beijing, the People’s Daily Overseas and the Xin Min Evening News – are registered under the Act.
In May, a Northern Virginia company that had broadcast French government-sponsored France 24 retroactively disclosed information as a foreign agent, though it had ceased its over-the-air broadcasts of the programming.