WASHINGTON • The United States House of Representatives has passed legislation that would allow relatives of victims of the 9/11 attacks to sue Saudi Arabia for compensation - a move the White House has threatened to veto.
The Justice Against Sponsors of Terrorism Act (Jasta) was approved in the House by unanimous voice vote on Friday, some four months after its Senate passage - and only two days before the 15th anniversary of the Sept 11, 2001, attacks.
The government of Saudi Arabia, a US ally but also the home nation to 15 of the 19 Sept 11 hijackers, has worked hard to see the Bill defeated. But it now heads to President Barack Obama's desk, where it faces an uncertain future.
The White House again signalled on Friday it would veto the measure because it would essentially waive the doctrine of sovereign immunity that protects nation states from civil suits or criminal prosecution.
But its easy passage in both chambers of Congress raises the spectre of a veto override, which requires a two-thirds vote in the House and Senate.
It would be the first time Mr Obama is dealt such a blow during his presidency. "This legislation would change longstanding, international law regarding sovereign immunity," White House spokesman Josh Earnest had said back in May, after the Senate unanimously approved the Bill. "The President of the United States continues to harbour serious concerns that this legislation would make the United States vulnerable in other court systems around the world."
Jasta would allow attack survivors and relatives of terror victims to pursue cases in federal court against foreign governments and demand compensation if such governments are proven to bear some responsibility for attacks on US soil.
Under current law, victims of terror attacks can sue only countries officially designated by the State Department as sponsors of terrorism, such as Iran and Syria. No official Saudi complicity in the Al-Qaeda attacks of 9/11 has been proven, and the kingdom has never been formally implicated. It is not a designated sponsor of terrorism.
In February, Zacarias Moussaoui, dubbed the 20th hijacker, told US lawyers that members of the Saudi royal family donated millions of dollars to Al-Qaeda in the 1990s.
The Saudi embassy denied Moussaoui's claims. But his accusations revived debate over whether the Obama administration should release a still-classified 28-page section of the 9/11 Commission Report.
The documents were finally declassified and released in mid-July. They showed that while the US probed multiple suspected links between the government of Saudi Arabia and the 9/11 attackers, it found no proven ties.