WASHINGTON/MOSCOW (REUTERS) - The US government on Monday (April 23) gave American customers of Russia's biggest aluminum producer more time to comply with sanctions, sending aluminum prices into a tailspin but lifting shares of the company, United Company Rusal Plc.
Aluminum prices on the London Metal Exchange tumbled more than 8 per cent after the US Treasury Department announcement, which gives Rusal longer to sell off large quantities of aluminum it had been stockpiling in the wake of sanctions.
Shares in Rusal, one of the world's largest aluminum companies, rose 13 per cent on the Moscow Exchange after the announcement. Earlier, Rusal had ended Hong Kong trading down 8.4 per cent. Shares of its US rival Alcoa Corp slid 12 per cent.
Aluminum prices rallied last week to their highest in years after Washington sanctioned Rusal and its major shareholder, Russian tycoon Oleg Deripaska. The Treasury Department said sanctions relief was possible if Deripaska ceded control of Rusal.
"RUSAL has felt the impact of U.S. sanctions because of its entanglement with Oleg Deripaska, but the US government is not targeting the hardworking people who depend on RUSAL and its subsidiaries," US Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin said.
Deripaska owns a 48 per cent stake in Rusal "and controls the company via his shareholder agreement with other owners," said Oleg Petropavlovsky, a senior analyst at BCS Global Markets.
"It is not clear whether potential cancellation of this shareholder agreement would be enough" to satisfy US officials, he said.
Treasury gave Americans until Oct 23 instead of June 5 to wind down business with Rusal. It said it would not impose secondary sanctions on non-US entities engaged with Rusal or its subsidiaries.
Deripaska is among seven Russian oligarchs sanctioned as part of a larger action targeting Moscow's "malign activities"around the world.
Rusal declined to comment on the Treasury Department announcement. The Kremlin and Deripaska did not immediately respond to requests for comment.
NO LONGER 'RADIOACTIVE'
European leaders have worked to persuade US President Donald Trump to ease sanctions on Russia, with presidents of France and Russia poised to visit the White House this week.
Mnuchin said "impact on our partners and allies" factored into the reprieve. French sources said initial feedback had been"constructive."
Rusal now has more time to sell off its supply. Even if sanctions are not ultimately lifted, buyers also have more time to seek other suppliers.
Last week, aluminum rallied to its highest since mid-2011 on fears the global market could face shortages as a result of the US sanctions. It remains up more than 16 per cent this month.
Wood Mackenzie analysts said Treasury's announcement provides "much-needed breathing space" for the aluminum market, adding "We expect near-term correction and volatility" in prices.
Edward Meir, an analyst at INTL FCStone, said there is potential for Rusal to survive and that "the 5 mln (million) tons of Rusal production that a week ago was arguably radioactive, will no longer be so."
Workers at one of several Rusal-dominated towns have also worried about their futures unless sanctions end.