MEXICO CITY (AFP) - Thousands of Mexicans protested Sunday (Feb 13) against US President Donald Trump, hitting back at his anti-Mexican rhetoric and vows to make the country pay for his "big, beautiful" border wall.
"Mexico must be respected, Mr Trump," said a giant banner carried by protesters in Mexico City, who waved a sea of red, white and green Mexican flags as they marched down the capital's main avenue under the watchful eye of thousands of police.
In what is shaping up to be Mexico's biggest anti-Trump protest yet, some 20 cities joined the call to march from a protest movement backed by dozens of universities, business associations and civic organizations.
Protester Julieta Rosas was wearing a T-shirt with a picture of Trump sporting an Adolf Hitler mustache.
"We're here to make Trump see and feel that an entire country, united, is rising up against him and his xenophobic, discriminatory and fascist stupidity," said Rosas, a literature student at the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM).
US-Mexican relations have plunged to their lowest point in decades since Trump took office on Jan 20.
Trump, who launched his presidential campaign calling Mexican immigrants "criminals" and "rapists," has infuriated the United States' southern neighbour with his plan to stop illegal migration by building a wall on the border and his vows to make Mexico pay for it.
Mexican President Enrique Pena Nieto cancelled a Jan 31 trip to Washington over Trump's insistence that Mexico will fund the wall.
"We are all migrants. We are all one. This is a time to build bridges, not walls," said 73-year-old protester Jose Antonio Sanchez, who was marching with his nine-year-old granddaughter.
Trump has also wrought havoc on the Mexican economy with his threats to terminate the country's privileged trade relationship with the United States, blaming Mexico for the loss of American jobs.
The Mexican peso has taken a beating nearly every time Trump insisted on renegotiating the North American Free Trade Agreement (Nafta), attacked car-makers and other companies that manufacture in Mexico, or vowed to slap steep tariffs on Mexican-made goods.
Mexico sends 80 per cent of its exports to the United States - nearly US$300 billion in goods in 2015.
The confrontation has stoked patriotic pride in Mexico, where US companies like Starbucks, Coca-Cola and McDonald's are the targets of boycott campaigns. Many people have taken to putting the Mexican flag in their profile pictures on social media.
Not everyone is on board with Sunday's protests, however.
Some accused Pena Nieto of using the ostensibly non-partisan marches to try to bolster his own popularity - which has taken a beating over perceptions that he has been too conciliatory towards a bullying neighbor.
When the rector of UNAM, the country's largest university, backed the marches, many students and professors voiced outrage. The hashtag "#It'sNotTrumpIt'sPena" is trending on Twitter in Mexico.
The new nationalism appears to be giving a boost to Mexican presidential hopeful Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, whom some political analysts call a "leftist Donald Trump" for his populist, anti-establishment rhetoric.
Lopez Obrador - widely known by his initials, AMLO - was the runner-up in the past two presidential elections.
He is leading in opinion polls for presidential elections in 2018 and appears to be benefiting from Trump's anti-Mexican vitriol, which has badly dented not only Pena Nieto - who is ineligible for re-election - but also the ruling PRI party.
Ironically, a Lopez Obrador victory next year could work to Trump's disadvantage, giving him a far more hardline counterpart to work with.
As Sunday's protests unfold in Mexico, Lopez Obrador will be visiting the United States to address both Mexicans and Americans in Los Angeles about what he called Trump's "poisonous" rhetoric.